Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Modeling of the Near-Subsurface Temperature Distributions in the Presence of Time Varying Air Temperature in the Boundary Condition and Space Varying Temperature for the Initial Condition - new

M. Ravi[1], D. V. Ramana[1], R. N. Singh[1]
[1]CSIR - National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

The subsurface thermal structure in presence of groundwater recharge/discharge has been obtained by applying the Robin type boundary condition at the earth’s surface. The Robin type boundary condition involves the effect air temperatures at the surface which are taken as exponentially varying with time and the initial condition which is taken as exponential function of depth. The numerical ...

Electrical and Thermal Modeling of a Molten Salt Electro-Refiner

A. Oury [1],
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Numerical simulation can be advantageously employed to predict the main cell features (e.g., the reaction rate distribution on the electrodes, the cell voltage, or the electrolyte temperature) in order to optimize the design and operational conditions of the process. In this poster, we describe two complementary computational approaches applied to a molten salt electro-refiner for ...

Study on Air Tubes Failure in Sponge Iron Rotary Kiln

Ankit [1], T. K. Kundu [1], R. P. Kumar [2],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
[2]HSBC India(Formerly with IIT Kharagpur) , Bangalore , India

The rotary kiln process is a commonly practiced method in the industry for producing sponge iron using coal. In the industry, there have been recent reports of premature failures of certain air tubes in a rotary kiln. Most of those cases have concentrated on those air tubes which run into the kiln around the middle portion of the kiln. This research work aims at identifying the probable cause of ...

Silicon Nanopillar Array for Light Emission Enhancement in Color-converting LED

P. Ding (丁佩) [1],
[1] Department of Mathematics and Physics, Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry Management, Zhengzhou, Henan, China

Plasmonic metallic nanostructures have been demonstrated an effective way to enhance the light emission efficiency in LEDs. Here, we propose a design of white LEDs that combining dielectric silicon nanopillar array in the color-converting layer. By investigating theoretically the guided mode caused by the nanopillar array-waveguide system, we demonstrate that the silicon nanopillar arrays enable ...

Sensitivity Estimation of Permanent Magnet Flowmeter

V. Sharma[1], S. K. Dash[1], G. Vijaykumar[1], B. K. Nashine[1], B. Krishnakumar[1], P. Kalyanasundaram[1], and G. Vaidyanathan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

Permanent Magnet Flowmeter (PMFM) is a non invasive device, which is used to measure the flow of electricallyconducting sodium in Fast Breeder Reactor Circuits. PMFM works on the principle of generation of motional EMF by magnetic forces exerted on the charges in a moving conductor. In this paper modeling of PMFM with different pipe sizes is done to predict the flowmeter output for a given ...

An Extension of Lauwerier’s Solution for Heat Flow in Saturated Porous Media

S. Saeid[1] and F.B.J. Barends[2]
[1]Technical University of Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Deltares and TU-Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

One of the crucial topics in this century is sustainable energy. In this respect, the exploitation of geothermal energy from deep hot aquifers becomes opportune. Hence, insight is required in the heat balance of potential aquifer systems. Essential issues are convection, conduction and dispersion. This article focuses on Lauwerier’s problem. As an extension, it is suggested that beside ...

Gravity-Driven Film Flow: Design of Bottom Topography

C. Heining[1] and N. Aksel[1]

[1]Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany

We study the gravity-driven film flow of a Newtonian liquid down an inclined plane. Many applications such as heat- and mass exchangers and evaporators or film coaters require undulated or rippled bottom topographies. In these cases, the interplay of gravity, surface tension and inertia leads to a response of the interface which furthermore strongly depends on the shape of the bottom topography. ...

Modeling the Collimator-Detector Scattering Using Stochastic Differential Equations and COMSOL

A. Jeremic[1], T. Farncombe[2], S. Liu[2], and Y. Abdul-Rehman[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
[2]Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique that uses gamma rays. It has been especially useful for bone scans, cardiac perfusion imaging, tumor scans and brain imaging. The main advantage of SPECT imaging is that it can target particular tissue receptors allowing one to focus on the imaging of the diseased tissue. In most cases Monte Carlo ...

Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks

A. Holmqvist[1] and C.U.I. Odenbrand[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...

Modeling of Nerve Stimulation Thresholds and Their Dependence on Electrical Impedance with COMSOL

P. Krastev[1], and B. Tracey[1]
[1]Neurometrix, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts, USA

Nerve localization is important for applications in regional anesthesia. Localization is achieved by stimulating the nerve with an electric field produced by a current from a needle inserted into the body of the patient, close to the target nerve.  Modeling of the electric field in close proximity to the nerve may help to explain observed variations in threshold currents and can help to ...

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