G. Maizza and M. Longhin
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
The excessive presence of residual SiC matrix inter-fiber pores is often the main cause for the very poor mechanical strength and toughness of SiC/SiC composites manufactured by CVI (Chemical Vapour Infiltration) process. This work presents a micro/macro Microwaveassisted Chemical Vapour Infiltration (MW-CVI) model as a strategy to attack the problems above. The proposed model couples a reactor ...
Dynamic Observation of Magnetic Particles in Continuous Flow Devices by Tunneling Magnetoresistance Sensors
A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, C. Albon, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Dynamic measurement of magnetic particles in continuous flow devices is made very difficult by the limitations imposed by the sensors themselves. Thus, certain sensor layouts are restricted to either number sensitive or spatial resolutive measurements of magnetic particles. We investigate different new strategies to increase the detection threshold and introduce designs accomplishing both: ...
M. Quast and N.R. Lalic
Gunytronic GmbH, St Valentin, Germany
Corona discharge is used in several applications such as surface treatment of polymers, photocopying or dust removal in air conditioning. Streamer formation is undesirable for most of these applications. Therefore, several studies have been dedicated to investigate the formation and propagation of streamers, which are still not fully understood. The most suitable models to describe streamers are ...
X. Ni[1,2], Z. Liu[1,2], and A.V. Kildishev[1,2]
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
The emergence of electromagnetic metamaterials has given rise to a variety of fascinating applications, including the perfect lens and the optical cloaking device. For a long time the study of the properties of metamaterials was limited to normal incidence only. However, it is extremely important to know the behavior of metamaterials especially in the area of imaging. In this paper, we use ...
T.I. Bjørnarå, E. Aker, and E. Skurtveit
NGI, Oslo, Norway
Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...
Q.A. Chaudhry, M. Hanke, and R. Morgenstern
School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
The mathematical modeling of the diffusion and reaction of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is tough task due to their very complex geometry. The heterogeneity of the cell, particularly the cytoplasm, and the variation of the cellular architecture, greatly affects the behavior of these toxic compounds. Homogenization techniques have been implemented for the numerical treatment of the model. ...
Viscous damping of a periodic perforated MEMS microstructure when the Reynolds’ equation cannot be applied: Numerical simulations
D. Homentcovschi, and R.N. Miles
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SUNY Binghamton, NY
This paper develops a computational model for determining the total damping coefficient for a unit cell of a MEMS microscale device containing a repetitive pattern of holes. The basic cell of the microstructure is approximated by an axi-symmetric domain and the velocity and pressure fields are determined from solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations using the finite element software package ...
D. Song, R. Gupta, and Chhabra
West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
Heat transfer from a sphere having a uniform temperature and falling axially in a cylindrical tube filled with an incompressible power-law liquid is numerically investigated. The governing equations for simultaneous flow around a confined sphere and heat transfer to power-law fluids were solved numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that the wall effects on the mean Nusselt number ...
M. Williams, J. Zito, J. Agashe, A. Sopeju, and D. Arnold
University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
This paper describes the design of a normally closed, electrodynamic microvalve. Magnetic forces between a permanent magnet in the valve cover and a soft magnet in the valve seat hold the valve closed. The combination of electrodynamic actuation and a mechanical restoring spring are used to open the valve. A device model and a design optimization strategy using COMSOL ...
J. Torres, and D. Montane
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Experimental (CHLOE), University of Pau, France
Department of Chemical Engineering, Virgili University, Tarragona, Spain
Steam Reforming of Ethanol using a Catalytic Wall Reactor (CWR) was successfully studied using COMSOL Multiphysics. A mathematical model was used to describe the reactor performance in terms of the main variables and dimensionless groups. Simulations showed that at specified conditions CWR maintains a thermal performance adequate for evaluating catalysts under a uniform temperature profile. CWR ...