Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Simulations Demonstrate Safe Vitrification and Warming of Embryos Using the Rapid-i™ Device

B.O.J. Johansson[1][2], Y.A. Tarakanov[1], H.J. Lehmann[2], and S.P. Apell[1]

[1]Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
[2]Vitrolife Sweden AB, Västra Frölunda, Sweden

During cryopreservation of human embryos, ice crystal formation in the embryos or in surrounding media may cause cryodamage to them and can be lethal. A strategy to avoid this is the vitrification procedure when the embryo and the surrounding medium undergo the transition to glassy state rather than a crystalline one during cooling. Similarly, recrystallization in the embryo or the medium must ...

Helium Two-Phase Flow in a Thermosiphon Open Loop

B. Baudouy[1] and F. Visentin[1]
[1]CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with ...

Modeling Dispersal of Genetic Information in Structured Agricultural Landscapes with Partial Differential Equations

K. Lipsius, and O. Richter
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Germany

We present a model for plant dispersal in agricultural landscapes to evaluate the gene dispersal from genetically modified (GM) plants. Dispersal from seed and pollen is modeled with partial differential equations. In scenarios, we investigated the effect of roadside application of non-selective herbicides on dispersal of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (HT OSR). We showed that OSR growing on ...

3D Dynamic Simulation of a Metal Hydride-Based Hydrogen  Storage Tank

A. Freni, and F. Cipiti
CNR- Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, Messina, Italy

In this paper, a 3D dynamic simulation for a portion of a metal hydride-based (LaNi5) hydrogen storage tank is presented. The model is based on heat and mass balances and considers coupled heat and mass transfer resistance through a non-uniform pressure and temperature sorbent bed. The governing equations were implemented and solved using the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. The simulation ...

Finite-Element Evaluation of Thermal Response Tests Performed on U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchangers

E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.

Electric Field Distributions and Energy Transfer in Waveguide-Based Axial-Type Microwave Plasma Source

H. Nowakowska[1], M. Jasínski[1], and J. Mizeraczyk[1,2]
[1]The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Gdansk, Poland
[2]Dept. of Marine Electronics, Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland

In this paper, we examine changes of the electric field distributions in waveguide-based axial-type microwave plasma source (MPS) during tuning procedure. The distributions strongly depend on position of the movable short, so does the wave reflection coefficient of the incident wave. A method of determining tuning characteristics of the MPS consisting in treating the MPS as a two-port network, ...

Electrical Stimulation of Brain using a realistic 3D Human Head Model: Improvement of Spatial Focality

A. Datta, M. Elwassif, and M. Bikson

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of the CUNY, New York, NY, USA

We calculated the spatial distribution of the electric fields induced in the brain during transcranial current stimulation (TCS). The spatial focality obtained using ‘concentric-ring’ configurations is investigated using a realistic MRI derived 3D finite element model of the human head. Two disc electrode configurations were simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. The distant-bipolar ...

Magnetic Particle Buildup Growth on Single Wire in High Gradient Magnetic Separation  

F. Chen
Department of Chemical Engineering, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, USA

Magnetic fluids containing nano or submicron magnetic particles and their application in food, biological and pharmaceutical systems have recently attracted increasing attention. Magnetic particles can be collected efficiently in magnetizable matrices (e.g. iron wires) in high gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) process. In this work, the dynamic buildup growth process is treated as a moving ...

Simulation of Current Collector Corrosion Effects on the Efficiency of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

I. Sgura[1], F. Zarcone[2], and B. Bozzini[2]
[1]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Brindisi Fuel Cell Durability Laboratory, Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale, Università del Salento, Brindisi, Italy

Corrosion and contact ohmic resistance of the stainless steel current collectors in molten carbonates is one of the greatest obstacles to widespread application of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC). We simulate the variation of material parameters values, accounting for the impact of corrosion of the metallic current collectors on the performance of the porous cathode. Furthermore, we couple a ...

Atmospheric Icing of Transmission Line Conductor Bundles

T. Wagner[1], and U. Peil[2]
[1]International Graduate School of Risk Management of Natural and Civilization Hazards on Buildings and Infrastructure, Braunschweig, Germany
[2]Institute of Steel Structures, Technical University Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany

Hazardous for the transmission lines is not only the static ice load, but also the aerodynamic instability of iced cables. It can lead to large amplitude oscillations at low frequencies. Also,  twisting due to asymmetrical iced cables may increase the fatigue rate. In extreme events, atmospheric icing can cause severe damage on towers and power lines, resulting in extensive electricity ...

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