Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Quench Propagation in 1-D and 2-D Models of High Current Superconductors

G. Volpini[1]
[1]LASA Lab., Milan Dept., Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Milano, Italy

The understanding of quench, or the sudden transition to the normal state of a high-current Superconductor (SC), is fundamental for the design of a SC magnet, and it is widely discussed in the literature. This paper presents some simple COMSOL models, which are compared with well-known approximate formulae and some experimental results. These models allow a more precise description than it is ...

Chaotic Behavior of the Airflow in a Ventilated Room

A.W.M. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Chaotic systems may lead to instability, extreme sensitivity and performance reduction. Therefore it is unwanted in many cases. Due to these undesirable characteristics of chaos in practical systems, it is important to recognize such a chaotic behavior. The existence of chaos has been discovered in several areas during the last 30 years. However, there is a lack of studies in relation with ...

Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

Simulation of Transport of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry

Q.A. Chaudhry[1], M. Hanke[1], and R. Morgenstern[2]
[1]School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

The mathematical modeling of the diffusion and reaction of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is tough task due to their very complex geometry. The heterogeneity of the cell, particularly the cytoplasm, and the variation of the cellular architecture, greatly affects the behavior of these toxic compounds. Homogenization techniques have been implemented for the numerical treatment of the model. ...

Flow Analysis for a Sorghum Brewing Fermentation Process

T.A. Owosina
Simulo Technologies, Lagos, Nigeria

A qualitative flow analysis by numerical simulation of a fermentation process in a sorghum factory is presented. The simulations were done with the Numerical modeling software, COMSOL Multiphysics. Several flow arrangements were considered in the study and as a result, optimized flow configurations were evolved.

Stresses in Carotid Plaques Using MRI-based Fluid Structure Interaction Models

S.A. Kock [1], E. Fründ [1], W.Y. Kim [1], and J.V. Nygaard [2]
[1] Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark,
[2] Aarhus University, Denmark

Using magnetic resonance images, a model was created of an atherosclerotic plaque in a patient. A fluid-structure interaction analysis was then carried out in order to determine principal stresses in the protective fibrous cap. Results indicate stresses at high blood pressure in excess of 300 kPa, the established cap rupture strength. The technique could prove to be of great value to ...

Wireless Interaction of Neighboring Two Arm Archimedes Spiral Coils in the RF Electromagnet Range

A. Kalinowski[1]
[1]Naval Undersea Warfare Center/ Division Newport, Newport, RI, USA

The paper addresses a class of problems for modeling and consequently simulating the electromagnetic field radiation pattern from two arms Archimedes spiral coils. The frequency spatial wavelengths relative to the coil dimensions are in a range where the electromagnetic Maxwell’s equations are solved numerically via the RF Module of COMSOL ...

Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery

C. Wang[1], Y. Parikh[1], Y. Song[1], and J. Yang[1]
[1]Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA

Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...

Calculation of the Magnetic Field Intensity in a Rectangular Conductor Carrying Current in Electromagnetism Introductory Courses

J.C. Olivares-Galvan[1], I. Hernandez[2] , P.S. Georgilakis[3], and L.E. Campero[1]

[1]Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Azcapotzalco, Mexico, D.F.
[2]Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Unidad Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
[3]School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece

This paper describes a type of didactic material used when teaching electromagnetism. The purpose is to guide the students to verify the results of a Finite Element (FE) simulation using those obtained analytically. This procedure has shown to be of great help during their learning of the FE method. The example in this paper uses a 2D analytical method to estimate the magnetic field generated by ...

Fast Computation of Capacitance Matrix and Potential Distribution for Multiconductor in Non-Homogenous Multilayered Dielectric Media

S.M. Musa[1], and M.N.O. Sadiku[1]

[1]Prairie View A&M University Networking Academy, Prairie View, Texas, USA

This paper presents the fast computational and modeling of multiconductor transmission lines interconnect in non-homogenous multilayered dielectric media using the finite element method (FEM). We illustrate the potential distribution of the multiconductor transmission lines for the models and their solution time. We compared some of our results of computing the capacitance matrix with method of ...

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