Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Coupled Fluid Flow and Shear-induced Solidification Kinetics in Rheocasting of Aluminium Alloys

G. Maizza, and G. Lorenzatto
Politecnico di Torino
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica
Torino, Italy

The model proposed by Schneider et al., for polymers is herein adapted in order to assess its suitability in elucidating the thixotropic behavior of aluminum alloys. The COMSOL Multiphysics program is employed to solve the inherent coupled mathematical problem, consisting in the kinetic ordinary differential equations and the momentum and energy transport partial differential equations. The ...

Analysis of Superheater Tubes with Mutual Irradiation as Applied to a Solar Receiver Steam Generator

N. Lemcoff[1], S. Wyatt[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Alstom Power, Windsor, CT, USA

The objective of this paper is to analyze the temperature variations within a superheater tube of a solar receiver steam generator. The tube is heated by concentrated, collimated solar irradiation with major cooling by an internal steam flow. The influence of heat loss by radiation, internal convection, and conduction are considered. Analytical models are obtained for an isolated tube, and the ...

Water Quality Model for Brewster Lake

Z. Aljobeh[1], G. Argueta[1]
[1]Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN, USA

A numerical model was developed to make spatial and temporal predictions of the water quality for Brewster Lake, located in southwestern Michigan. The model considers the hydrodynamics of the lake, hydrologic conditions, physical, chemical and biochemical processes that take place in the lake, and nutrient loadings from the surrounding watershed. Physical, chemical, and biochemical data collected ...

Influence of the Atmospheric Disturbance on the Respiration of a Forest Soil

C. Wylock[1], S. Goffin[2], M. Aubinet[2], B. Longdoz[3], B. Haut[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
[2]University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
[3]INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France

The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...

Modeling of Coupled Mass and Heat Transfer and Expansion During Baking of Bread in a Mould

V. Nicolas[1], C. Doursat[2], D. Grenier[1], T. Lucas[1], D. Flick[2]
[1]Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture, Rennes, France
[2]AgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, Massy, France

Bread is a food product which various complex physico-chemical phenomena occur during the cooking process. Thus, phenomena of heat and mass transfer are coupled to the deformation. In addition, bread is a multiphase product (solid, liquid and vapor) and composed of various components (dry matter, water, air and carbon dioxide). A 2D model is developed with COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.3b witch ...

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

High Temperature Process Simulation: An Example in Crystal Growth

H. Rouch[1] and O. Geoffroy[1]
[1]INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France

High temperature processes are used in a large variety of industrial application. Simulation helps to solve technological problems and increase energy efficiency in case of industrial scale simulation. We present in this paper a research equipment simulation. The aim is to increase knowledge of temperature field in the crystal growth region in order to give researcher some important information ...

Temperature profiles of molten flowing polymers in a channel die

Karkri, M.1, Jarny, Y.2, Mousseau, P.3, Poncet, E.1
1 CNRS UMR 6174 Institut FEMTO-ST - Département CREST, Belfort France
2 UMR CNRS 6607 Ecole Polytechnique de l’Université de Nantes, France
3 UMR CNRS 6144 IUT de Nantes, France

Extrusion is one of the important manufacturing methods in many industries. In order to obtain the desired product quality and characteristics, the knowledge of the thermal state of the die is very important. In the present study, a two-dimensional conjugate heat transfer model has been developed for non-Newtonian materials being processed in the extrusion die. The modeling equations for the ...

FEMLAB simulation of thermoplastics injection-molding

Varela, A.E., Suárez, M.
Universidad de Carabobo, Facultad de Ingeniería, Valencia, Venezuela

The thermoplastics injection-molding process of has become one of the most important polymer processing operations in the production of molded parts with geometric complexity and high precision. Modeling and computer simulation of this process is not an easy task. Commercial computer packages have been designed for the simulation of the injection molding process. These programs allow the ...

Desorption Simulation of a Highly Dynamic Metal Hydride Storage System

D. Wenger[1], W. Polifke[2], and E. Schmidt-Ihn[3]
[1]Wenger Engineering GmbH, Ulm, Germany
[2]Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
[3]Daimler AG, Kirchheim/Teck, Germany

Metal hydrides are a widely-used method for storing and releasing hydrogen chemically under moderate conditions. This paper will present how highly dynamic metal hydride storage has been simulated and optimized using COMSOL Multiphysics. It will be shown how mass, energy and momentum balances were implemented and what boundary conditions were set to resolve various scenarios. The result of the ...

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