Reverse Electrodialysis Process with Seawater and Concentrated Brines: a COMSOL Multiphysics® Model for Equipment Design
M. Tedesco, A. Cipollina, C. Scavuzzo, A. Tamburini, G. Micale
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università di Palermo (UNIPA), Palermo, Italy
Salinity Gradient Power (SGP) is a promising renewable energy source associated to the controlled mixing of two aqueous solutions of different salinities. Recently, Reverse Electrodialysis process (SGP-RE, or RED) has been identified as a successful way for the exploitation of such energy source, allowing the conversion of SGP directly into electric energy. COMSOL Multiphysics® modelling ...
N. Khoshnevis Gargar, A. Mailybaev, D. Marchesin, H. Bruining
 Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
 Instituto Nacional de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
One of the methods to recover oil from medium and low viscosity in complex reservoirs uses air injection leading to oil combustion. In this case the oxygen in the air burns the heavier components of the oil, generating a heat wave leading to vaporization of lighter components. The combustion mechanisms are different for light oils, where evaporation is dominant, whereas for medium non-volatile ...
G. Zhang [1, 2, 3],
 Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson, SC, USA
 Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Implant devices are assistive devices surgically placed in the human body to restore the functionality of organs and tissues. Metallic implants are often used for load bearing applications including the hip and knee joints. To allow maximum flexibility during surgery for surgeons to pick and choose different combinations of parts (say, head, neck and stem, in the case of total hip replacement), ...
Error Analysis in Estimating Temperature-Dependent Thermal Diffusivity and Kinetic Parameters using Heat Penetration Data
K.D. Dolan[1,2], A.R. Sommerlot, and D.K. Mishra
Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
Growing consumer demand for nutraceuticals has stimulated interest by food companies to increase levels of these health-promoting compounds. Thermal processing of canned foods in a retort produces a unique problem: some of the nutraceuticals are highly sensitive to temperature, and require accurate parameter estimates to predict their fate during processing. Error in temperature measurement due ...
Modeling of Coupled Fluid Flow and Shear-induced Solidification Kinetics in Rheocasting of Aluminium Alloys
G. Maizza, and G. Lorenzatto
Politecnico di Torino
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica
The model proposed by Schneider et al., for polymers is herein adapted in order to assess its suitability in elucidating the thixotropic behavior of aluminum alloys. The COMSOL Multiphysics program is employed to solve the inherent coupled mathematical problem, consisting in the kinetic ordinary differential equations and the momentum and energy transport partial differential equations. The ...
In this paper a two dimensional time dependent model is developed and assessed to describe the interrelated processes of conduction, convective heating and ablation of non pyrolytic ablative material. An aerothermochemical analysis for the process of non-pyrolitic composite material regression in advanced solid-propellant rocket motors has been conducted. The analytical approach is similar ...
D. Papasidero, F. Manenti
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “Giulio Natta”, Milano, Italy
One big challenge for the food industry is to predict and optimize flavors. The Maillard reaction occurs in food matrices containing carbohydrates and proteins under specific operating conditions. The presented research couples thermal and kinetic modeling to the bread baking process, an ideal field to study this complex set of reactions responsible for many bread flavors. The thermal model ...
C. Grau Turuelo, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...
Experimental and Numerical Study of Microbial Improved Oil Recovery in a Pore Scale Model by using COMSOL
M. Shabani Afrapoli, L. Shidong, S. Alipour , and O. Torsaeter
Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics
A number of visualization experiments are carried out at the laboratory temperature with oil, brine and bacteria suspension for evaluating the performance of MIOR in a glass micromodel. The observations show the effects of bacteria on remaining oil saturation. The interfacial tension reduction, wettability alteration and flow pattern changes are recognized as active mechanisms. COMSOL ...
S. Pramanik, G. L. Kulukuru, M. Mishra
Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India
When a less viscous fluid displaces a more viscous one in a porous medium or Hele-Shaw cell, the interface between the two miscible fluids does not remain flat and deforms into fingers growing in time . It occurs due to the faster movement of less viscous fluid than the more viscous one, for a given pressure gradient. Fingering affects in aquifers, in packed bed reactors, and detrimental to ...