Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Computational Modeling of the Electrohydrodynamics Influencing Trace Mercury Adsorption within Electric Utility Electrostatic Precipitators

H. Clack[1]
[1]University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emissions increase the risk of neurological and neonatal health effects in humans through fish consumption. There are several technological approaches to controlling mercury emissions from coal combustion, including the injection of a powdered mercury sorbent into the flue gas upstream of the particulate control device (PCD). As most PCDs are electrostatic precipitators ...

Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer Processes in Enclosed Environments

J.L.Wilson[1], and R. Dwivedi[1]

[1]New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico, USA

Geothermally driven natural convection in enclosures is a ubiquitous process occurring in many physical environments such as caves, mines, etc. We have numerically simulated laminar and turbulent natural convection in isolated air-filled cavities, buried in a more conductive rock mass. We have modeled heat transfer using COMSOL's Convection and Conduction mode. To better understand the convective ...

Simulation of the Convective Heat Transfer and Working Temperature Field of a Photovoltaic Module Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

E. Ruiz-Reina[1] and M. Sidrach-de-Cardona[1]
[1]Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

The aim of this work is the Finite Element Analysis (FEA), by  using COMSOL Multiphysics®, of the convective heat transfer and working temperature field of a photovoltaic module under different wind conditions.

Simulation of Chromatographic Band Transport

B. Bunner , A. Kromidas , M. Kele , and U. Neue
Waters Corp, Milford, MA, USA

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is a standard method in the pharmaceutical industry for the separation and identification of chemical compounds. Modeling of band transport, or band broadening phenomena, can provide tremendous insight into problems of chromatography that are difficult or impossible to measure experimentally. We used COMSOL to analyze two classes of problems in HPLC: ...

Modeling Of A Strongly Coupled Thermal, Hydraulic And Chemical Problem: Drying And Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Of Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)-Wood Waste Particles In A Moving Bed Reactor

J. Govaerts[1], and L. Helsen[2]
[1]SCK-CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Performance Assessment Unit, Mol, Belgium
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Division of Applied Mechanics and Energy Conversion, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium

Low temperature thermal carbonisation might be the ultimate solution to the growing disposal problem of CopperChromeArsenic-treated waste wood. This energy and material recuperating technology is currently in the process of upscaling to an industrial level. In the present study, a numerical model is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics that allows to investigate the temperature profiles, gas ...

Numerical Simulations of Radionuclide Transport through Clay and Confining Units in a Geological Repository using COMSOL

J. Hansmann[1], M. L. Sentis[1], B. J. Graupner[1], A.-K. Leuz[1], C. Belardinelli[2]
[1]Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI), Brugg, Switzerland
[2]Kantonsschule Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland

Introduction: The sectoral plan that defines the procedure and criteria of site selection for deep geological repositories for all categories of waste (high-level and low- and intermediate-level waste) in Switzerland started in 2008 and will last for about ten years. ENSI (Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate) is in charge of reviewing the proposals and safety assessments for geological repositories ...

COMSOL-based Simulations of Criticality Excursion Transients in Fissile Solution

C. Hurt[1], P. Angelo[2], R. Pevey[1]
[1]Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
[2]Y-12 National Security Complex, Safety Analysis Engineering, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Simulation of criticality accident transients offers the ability to confirm understanding of critical configurations, bound accident scenarios and aid comprehensive emergency planning. Computational ability to recreate excursion power histories in fissile solution is sought due to the predominance of solutions in process criticality accidents. Applicable solution transient physics methodologies ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation during Hot Air Puffing of Single Rice Kernels

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

When rice is subjected to intense heating, it results in rapid evaporation of liquid water to vapor. As a consequence, large pressures are generated within the kernel in a span of 15s resulting in large volume changes causing the kernel to puff rapidly. Under suitable conditions, the ratio of initial volume to volume after puffing could be as high as 10. Rice puffing process is a complex ...

Modeling Maillard Reaction and Thermal Transformations During Bread Baking

D. Papasidero[1], F. Manenti[1]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “Giulio Natta”, Milano, Italy

One big challenge for the food industry is to predict and optimize flavors. The Maillard reaction occurs in food matrices containing carbohydrates and proteins under specific operating conditions. The presented research couples thermal and kinetic modeling to the bread baking process, an ideal field to study this complex set of reactions responsible for many bread flavors. The thermal model ...

Modeling of Asphaltenes and Oil Shale Pyrolysis - new

J. P. Mmbaga[1], F. Munoz[2], S. Dhir[1], R. Gupta[1], R. E. Hayes[1], M. Toledo[2]
[1]University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
[2]Departamento de Ingenieria Mecanica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso, Chile

Pyrolysis is a key step in the conversion of carbonaceous materials into useful products. In this study, we investigate the pyrolysis of asphaltene and oil shale, both experimentally and numerically. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the combined effects of fluid flow in porous media, mass transfer of species, heat transfer, and reaction kinetics. Gas evolution and the porosity ...

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