Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
When a solid surface makes contact with a liquid medium, an electrical double layer (EDL) structure forms spontaneously through thermodynamic interaction between electrons and ions. In this study, we developed a computational model using commercial finite element analysis package COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the double layer structure and quantify the EDL capacitance for the first time. In ...
A. G. Dixon , D. S. Polcari , A. D. Stolo , M. Tomida ,
 Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
For design of radial flow fixed bed reactors, it is important to ensure proper flow distribution through the catalyst bed. A 2D axisymmetric model of a radial-flow reactor was used to evaluate flow maldistribution through the catalyst bed and the pressure drop through the reactor for a specified flow rate. Effects of different catalysts, screen sizes and flow direction were simulated. Factors ...
P. L. Mills , A. Uchagawkar , M. Vasilev ,
 Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction Velocity profiles in liquid films flowing over rotating conical surfaces are of considerable interest in industry. The efficiency of important process equipment, such as spinning cone columns, fluid degassers, centrifugal disc atomizers, centrifugal film evaporators, and rotating packed bed reactors, is greatly influenced by the nature of the fluid velocity distributions. Conical ...
Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark
The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...
Novel Approach for Teaching Microchemical Systems Analysis to Chemical Engineering Students Using Interactive Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs)
A. Nagaraj , P. L. Mills ,
 Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
Chemicals are an integrated part of our daily life. While chemicals are significant contributor to a nation’s economy, sound management of chemical production is essential for environmentally friendly operation without maximizing operational costs. Next generation technologies must be developed that potentially change the chemical plants and process engineering giving rise to safe, compact, ...
A. K. R. Paul , R. D. Pal ,
 CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
A lithium-ion battery comprises of two intercalating electrodes separated by a membrane, sandwiched between aluminum and copper current collecting plates. The battery performance depends upon several parameters and its operating conditions. In this work we developed a model for a lithium iron phosphate battery and validated our results with experimental charge-discharge curves. We however note ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres - new
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...
V. Srivastava ,
 Naval Materials Research Laboratory (NMRL), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Ambernath, Thane, Maharashtra, India
2D-modeling of arc welding in butt-joint configuration was performed in this study considering thermal-structural interactions. Thermal behavior was modeled in COMSOL Multiphysics® using the Heat Transfer Module with weld heat input as a Gaussian pulse whereas structural behavior using Structural Mechanics Module. Thermal-elastic-plastic behavior model based on Von Mises yield criteria and ...
A. Métais , S. Matteï , I. Tomashchuk , S. Gaied 
 ArcelorMittal, Montataire, France
 Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, Université Bourgogne Franche Comté, France
Laser Welded Blank solutions enable to reduce vehicles weight and to optimize their crash performances by means of simultaneous tuning of different grades and thicknesses. The present work aims to characterize numerically and experimentally materials mixing during laser welding. For better understanding of materials mixing based on convection-diffusion process in case of full penetrated laser ...