F. Tariq, V. Yufit, M. Marinescu, G. Cui, M. Kishimoto, N. Brandon
Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) and Li-ion batteries (LIB) are electrochemical devices where performance is dependent on reactions inside porous electrode microstructures. Here we use tomographic techniques to probe 3D electrode structures (anodes and cathodes) at micro-nanometer length scales. Subsequently, micro/nano structural changes in electrodes are characterized and quantified. Utilizing ...
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Corrugated board is produced on a machine where the corrugated medium is glued between two flat paper surfaces, the liners. The board is cut into sheets and stored in a stack until suitable moisture content has been reached. The sheets are then cut and creased into blanks for the production of boxes and other products. If the moisture content is too high, there is a risk for cutting problems in ...
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this report I study the airflow through ventilation ducts. By numerical simulation, the so-called k-factor has been estimated. The k-factor is the quotient of the airflow volume and the square root of the pressure drop over the duct. A two dimensional axial symmetric model has been used to simulate an iris damper connected to a straight pipe. A three dimensional model has been used to ...
A. Lele, N. Lodha, R. Srivastava, U. Bipinlal, A. Pandey, A. Paul
CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is an electrochemical device, which converts a part of heat from the formation of water into electricity. Each cell has a Membrane-Electrode Assembly (MEA) which is placed between two electrically conducting plates having gas flow channels. An MEA is made of a solid proton-conducting electrolyte sandwiched between two electrodes (anode and cathode). ...
U. Shukla, and D. Gupta
 Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
One of the major challenges faced by the semiconductor industry is that electronic circuits produce a lot of heat energy during their operation. And with the current scenario where the gates are packed so much close together, then the problem of heat generation has become extremely significant. So we are working towards the efficient heat management and dissipation solution for the heat generated ...
Modeling of Drying of Cellular Ceramic Structures: Coupled Electromagnetic and Multiphase Porous Media Model
A. Dhall, G. Peng, G. Squier, M. Geremew, L. Bogaczyk, J. George, W.A. Wood, and A.K. Datta
Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
Manufacturing Technology & Engineering, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA
Corporate Research, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA
Cellular ceramic substrates are extensively used for pollution control systems in vehicles. The manufacturing process of them can involve microwave drying. In this study, we describe the development of a modeling framework for the microwave drying process of these substrates. The transport model is implemented in COMSOL 3.5a using 4 PDEs: 1) Convection-Conduction for temperature, 2) ...
Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery
C. Wang, Y. Parikh, Y. Song, and J. Yang
Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...
B. Ottosson, Y. Jouahri, C. Rusu, and P. Enoksson
Imego AB, Gothenburg, Sweden
Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
The objective of this work has been to realize a feasibility study of a cooling device for a SQUID sensor using liquid nitrogen flowing through micro channels. The design consists of an epoxy cylindrical vacuum vessel skewed by a silicon microchannel heat sink. The SQUID sensor is situated directly on top of the microchannel heat sink. The device is used at room temperature and should be able to ...
Computational Analysis of the Mechanical and Thermal Stresses in a Thin Film PProDOT-Based Redox Capacitor
J. Sotero-Esteva, M. Rosario-Canales, P. Gopu, and J. Santiago-Avilés
Department of Mathematics, University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, Humacao, PR
Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Among the several types of capacitors, the double-layer and redox types have gathered increasing attention to address some of the heavy power demands of modern technology. In redox capacitors, charge is stored chemically via oxidation/reduction processes in the active materials like electroactive polymers (EAPs) or metal oxides. This work investigates the stresses and heat flux of the electrode ...
Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations
M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill, C. Felix, R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]
Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...