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Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling the Effect of Discrete Distributions of Platinum Particles in the PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer

C.F. Cetinbas[1], A.K. Prasad[2], S.G. Advani[1]
[1]Center for Fuel Cell Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
[2]University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

In this study, the basic catalyst layer (CL) structure, consisting of carbon-supported Pt particles (C|Pt) and an ionomer binder, is investigated numerically by using COMSOL. The significance of modeling discrete Pt particles on the carbon support is highlighted by comparing the cell performance results to the case in which the Pt is assumed to be distributed uniformly over the carbon support as ...

Development and Production of a Box for Storage and Shipping of HDIs in the Upgrade of the CMS Experiment

F. Noto[1], S. Costa[2], N. Giudice[2], F. Librizzi[3], A. Rapicavoli[2], M.A. Saizu[4], V. Sparti[3]
[1]Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2] Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
[3]Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
[4]Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania

The Large Hadron Collider at CERN has begun operations at 7 TeV center of mass energy. CERN plans to run at this energy until the end of 2012 with the goal of providing an integrated luminosity of a few fb?¹ to the CMS and ATLAS experiments. The LHC will then shut down for 1.5 to 2 years to make the revisions necessary to run at ~14 TeV. Operation resumes in 2014. In 2017/18, there will be ...

Modeling Large-Scale Mine Dewatering by Using Subsurface Flow Module in COMSOL Multiphysics

J. Molinero[1], A. Nardi[1], P. Trinchero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Groundwater is a key factor affecting mine operations worldwide. On one hand, both underground and open pit mines need to pump out groundwater in order to proceed with mineral extraction and increase the stability of rock slopes. On the other hand, groundwater abstractions can produce undesired environmental and social impacts, which should be anticipated in the environmental impact assessments ...

Three Dimensional Modeling of PEM Fuel Cells with Current Collection from the Gas Diffusion Layer

R. Pushpangadan[1], A. Soman[2], Arundas R.[2], N. G. Thoppan[2], S. P. Duttagupta[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]College of Engineering, Munnar, Kerala, India

PEM fuel cells are very promising for portable applications. A key component of fuel cell is the flow field plate through which hydrogen will reach the anode, oxygen will reach the cathode and electron collection. Flow field plate made of silicon is not a good electrical conductor , so electrical contacts has to be attached to the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) for taking the power to outside ...

Modeling Revitalization of Atmospheric Water

R. Coker[1], J. Knox[1]
[1]NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

Developments intended to improve system efficiency and reliability for water and carbon dioxide separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles combine sub-scale systems testing and multiphysics simulations. This paper describes the development of COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations in support of the Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project within NASA's ...

Advanced 3D Imaging Coupled to Modeling of Fuel Cell and Battery Electrodes

F. Tariq[1], V. Yufit[1], M. Marinescu[1], G. Cui[1], M. Kishimoto[1], N. Brandon[1]
[1]Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) and Li-ion batteries (LIB) are electrochemical devices where performance is dependent on reactions inside porous electrode microstructures. Here we use tomographic techniques to probe 3D electrode structures (anodes and cathodes) at micro-nanometer length scales. Subsequently, micro/nano structural changes in electrodes are characterized and quantified. Utilizing ...

稳态磁场对激光熔凝熔池的抑制作用研究 - new

王梁[1], 胡勇[1]

激光熔凝通常被作为材料表面的最终处理工艺,然而激光熔凝处理后,材料表面容易出现高低起伏的波纹,降低了其表面质量。因此,为了在激光熔凝处理后获得平整的表面,同时降低后续机加工所需的成本和时间,本文提出了利用稳态磁场抑制激光所致熔池运动的方法。以固液相变统一模型为基础,建立了考虑热传导、流体运动、相变及电磁场作用的多物理场耦合2D瞬态仿真模型,将洛仑兹力以体积力形式添加到动量方程源项中,并利用移动网格(ALE)的方法在模型中计算了熔池表面的运动形态。通过该模型计算了由稳态磁场引起的熔池中的洛伦兹力与由表面张力引起的Marangoni对流影响熔池表面形貌的相互影响过程以及不同磁场强度下熔池速度场、温度场分布情况。同时,包含激光功率、扫描速度、表面张力温度系数等相关材料属性和工艺参数对熔池表面形貌的影响也进行了仿真分析。通过激光熔凝后试样表面的实际高度扫面图像结果以及温度对比图 ...

Temperature and Acceleration Sensitivities of a Dual Cavity Fabry-Perot Interferometer - new

[1]R. K. Banyal
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India[1]

The numerical study of temperature and acceleration sensitivities of a dual cavity Fabry-Perot (FP) interferometer is carried out using finite element method. The optical cavities are formed by machining two side-by-side circular bore of 12 mm each on a monolithic block of low expansion material. One cavity will be used to generate broadband channel spectra for accurate wavelength calibration of ...

Simulation and Evaluation of Small High-Frequency Side Scan Sonars Using COMSOL

J. Jonsson[1], E. Edqvist[1], H. Kratz[1], M. Almqvist[2], and G. Thornell[1]
[1]Ångström Space Technology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
[2]Department of Measurement Technology and Industrial Electrical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

High frequency side-scan sonar, to be fitted on a miniaturized submersible explorer, have been simulated and built. The purpose of this study is to see if COMSOL Multiphysics® can be used to predict the performance of the sonar, especially the beam width, setting the resolution of the system. Four models were created, from simple 2-D geometries to more complex 3-D models. The simulated beam ...

Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery

C. Wang[1], Y. Parikh[1], Y. Song[1], and J. Yang[1]
[1]Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA

Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...

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