Modeling the Effect of Discrete Distributions of Platinum Particles in the PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer
C.F. Cetinbas, A.K. Prasad, S.G. Advani
Center for Fuel Cell Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
In this study, the basic catalyst layer (CL) structure, consisting of carbon-supported Pt particles (C|Pt) and an ionomer binder, is investigated numerically by using COMSOL. The significance of modeling discrete Pt particles on the carbon support is highlighted by comparing the cell performance results to the case in which the Pt is assumed to be distributed uniformly over the carbon support as ...
Development and Production of a Box for Storage and Shipping of HDIs in the Upgrade of the CMS Experiment
F. Noto, S. Costa, N. Giudice, F. Librizzi, A. Rapicavoli, M.A. Saizu, V. Sparti
Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
 Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania
The Large Hadron Collider at CERN has begun operations at 7 TeV center of mass energy. CERN plans to run at this energy until the end of 2012 with the goal of providing an integrated luminosity of a few fb?¹ to the CMS and ATLAS experiments. The LHC will then shut down for 1.5 to 2 years to make the revisions necessary to run at ~14 TeV. Operation resumes in 2014. In 2017/18, there will be ...
J. Molinero, A. Nardi, P. Trinchero
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Groundwater is a key factor affecting mine operations worldwide. On one hand, both underground and open pit mines need to pump out groundwater in order to proceed with mineral extraction and increase the stability of rock slopes. On the other hand, groundwater abstractions can produce undesired environmental and social impacts, which should be anticipated in the environmental impact assessments ...
R. Pushpangadan, A. Soman, Arundas R., N. G. Thoppan, S. P. Duttagupta
Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
College of Engineering, Munnar, Kerala, India
PEM fuel cells are very promising for portable applications. A key component of fuel cell is the flow field plate through which hydrogen will reach the anode, oxygen will reach the cathode and electron collection. Flow field plate made of silicon is not a good electrical conductor , so electrical contacts has to be attached to the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) for taking the power to outside ...
R. Coker, J. Knox
NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
Developments intended to improve system efficiency and reliability for water and carbon dioxide separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles combine sub-scale systems testing and multiphysics simulations. This paper describes the development of COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations in support of the Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project within NASA's ...
F. Tariq, V. Yufit, M. Marinescu, G. Cui, M. Kishimoto, N. Brandon
Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) and Li-ion batteries (LIB) are electrochemical devices where performance is dependent on reactions inside porous electrode microstructures. Here we use tomographic techniques to probe 3D electrode structures (anodes and cathodes) at micro-nanometer length scales. Subsequently, micro/nano structural changes in electrodes are characterized and quantified. Utilizing ...
R. K. Banyal
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
The numerical study of temperature and acceleration sensitivities of a dual cavity Fabry-Perot (FP) interferometer is carried out using finite element method. The optical cavities are formed by machining two side-by-side circular bore of 12 mm each on a monolithic block of low expansion material. One cavity will be used to generate broadband channel spectra for accurate wavelength calibration of ...
J. Jonsson, E. Edqvist, H. Kratz, M. Almqvist, and G. Thornell
Ångström Space Technology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Department of Measurement Technology and Industrial Electrical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
High frequency side-scan sonar, to be fitted on a miniaturized submersible explorer, have been simulated and built. The purpose of this study is to see if COMSOL Multiphysics® can be used to predict the performance of the sonar, especially the beam width, setting the resolution of the system. Four models were created, from simple 2-D geometries to more complex 3-D models. The simulated beam ...
Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery
C. Wang, Y. Parikh, Y. Song, and J. Yang
Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...