G. Swetha, G. Pavankumar, and A. Manglik
National Geophysical Research Institute
Andhra Pradesh, India
Mathematical modeling tools are extensively used in Geosciences to delineate the earth structure at various spatial scales as well as to simulate coupled earth processes involving multiphysics concepts. COMSOL, a Multiphysics finite element method based numerical modeling package, can be used to analyze complex systems like earth where various physical parameters are involved and ...
BITS Pilani K K BIRLA GOA CAMPUS
The actuator comprises of a temperature sensitive composite deflecting beam, a piezoelectric substrate and a field effect transistor. The temperature rise causes an expansion in the composite beam thereby causing it to deflect. The deflecting beam impinges on the piezoelectric crystal and generating voltage. Response curves for the deflection versus temperature for temperature ranges ...
Comparison of Computational Methods for the Estimation of the Dielectrophoretic Force Acting on Biological Cells and Aggregates in Silicon Lab-on-chip
S. Burgarella, F. Maggioni, and G. Naldi
STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, Milan, Italy
Department of Mathematics, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Dielectrophoresis is a method for cell manipulation in miniaturized devices exploiting the dielectric properties of cells and/or cellular aggregates suspended in a fluid and subjected to a high-gradient electric field. The mathematical expression of the force is obtained by a multipole expansion whose terms involve increasing power of the particle\'s radius. Three methods for the expression of ...
INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
The well known Pierce design of electron and ion diodes is the base of particle source extraction systems [1,2]. It was heavily studied up to 1960 with analog computing and it now offers us a known case against which to compare the precision of fluid and particle tracing codes. The ideal model assumes zero particle kinetic energy at cathode emission, which is well matched in many sources: the ...
I.M. Abdel-Motaleb, J. Lavrencik 
Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
There is urgent need to monitor dental and oral diseases, such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and teeth grinding. Such monitoring can be achieved by embedding sensors in the mouth. This technique faces some difficulties. The first is how the power needed for the operation of the sensors and the associated electronic chips can be generated. This power can be generated using the pressure exerted by ...
S. Zhang, M. Pal, P. Barthelemy, M. Lei
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Shell International Exploration and Production, Rijswijk, The Netherlands
The mass and recoverability of oil and gas in unconventional reservoirs strongly depend on the understanding the petrophysical properties of the rocks at a large range of scales. Three-dimensional imaging is capable of unveiling the detailed microstructures within the rocks down to the nanometer scale. Using a multiscale imaging protocol, a Devonian shale rock sample with heterogeneities is ...
EMD Millipore Corporation, Bedford, MA USA
Membrane-based tangential flow filtration (TFF) cassettes are used for the clarification, concentration and purification of fluid streams containing macromolecules of proteins. In TFF, the protein fluid is pumped tangentially along the surface of the membrane. The feed flow along the length of channel between two membranes causes a pressure drop from the feed to the retentate end of the channel. ...
Modeling the Effect of Discrete Distributions of Platinum Particles in the PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer
C.F. Cetinbas, A.K. Prasad, S.G. Advani
Center for Fuel Cell Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
In this study, the basic catalyst layer (CL) structure, consisting of carbon-supported Pt particles (C|Pt) and an ionomer binder, is investigated numerically by using COMSOL. The significance of modeling discrete Pt particles on the carbon support is highlighted by comparing the cell performance results to the case in which the Pt is assumed to be distributed uniformly over the carbon support as ...
R. Sikorski, T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
Stroke is caused by an interruption of brain blood supply and is one of the leading causes of death and disability. A mild reduction of 2-5°C in tissue temperature through hypothermia has shown reduced tissue infarct size, increased tissue recovery, and positive neurological effects. This paper seeks to predict the outlet blood temperature in the common carotid bifurcation branches. In our ...
A. Yekta, D. Stemmelen, S. Leclerc
LEMTA,UMR 7563 CNRS - Université de Lorraine, 54518 VANDOEUVRE-LES-NANCY France
Considering a liquid drop in relative movement with respect to the air flow at uniform velocity, the liquid will be driven to the surface by the viscous friction. Internal vortices will appear inside the drop. This problem has already been studied in fluid mechanics and is well known as a classic problem. The idea of the present work is to resume the same analysis in a porous medium within a ...