R. Winz, N. Schröder, W. Wiechert, and E. von Lieres
Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...
U. Shukla, and D. Gupta
 Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
One of the major challenges faced by the semiconductor industry is that electronic circuits produce a lot of heat energy during their operation. And with the current scenario where the gates are packed so much close together, then the problem of heat generation has become extremely significant. So we are working towards the efficient heat management and dissipation solution for the heat generated ...
V. Gnanaraj, V. Mohan, and B. Vellaikannan
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
A fundamental understanding of the transport phenomena in microfluidic channels is critical for systematic design and precise control of such miniaturized devices towards the integration and automation of Lab-on- a-chip devices. Electroosmotic flow is widely used to transport and mix fluids in microfluidic systems. Electroosmotic transport in convergent divergent micronozzle is significant in ...
COMSOL Derived Universal Scaling Model For Low Reynolds Number Viscous Flow Through Microfabricated Pillars – Applications to Heat Pipe Technology
N. Srivastava, and C.D. Meinhart
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, USA
Cooling of high-power density electronic devices remains a challenge. Microfluidic heat-pipes with the potential of achieving ultra-high thermal conductivities offer a low-cost technology for cooling electronics. To achieve high thermal conductivity, it is critical to maximize the rate of liquid transport inside the heat pipe. We propose a novel array of microfabricated pillars to maximize liquid ...
A. Candeo and F. Dughiero
Department Electrical Engineering, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) represents a valid alternative for treating liver metastases in medically complicated patients. Conventional devices currently operate at 500 kHz, due to good conducting properties of tissues. However, the use of lower frequencies (i.e. 20 kHz) has been recently reported to enhance the treatment effectiveness, due to a more pronounced difference in electrical ...
Ken Kang-Hsin Wang, and Timothy C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during type-II photodynamic therapy (PDT). The production of 1O2involves the complex reactions among cancer agent, oxygen molecule, and treatment laser light. The light propagation in tumor tissue is described by the diffusion equation. In this work, an optimization routine is developed to fit the [1O2]rx profile to the simulated necrosis ...
M. Suárez , and F. Samaniego 
Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico
New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...
S.M. Musa, and M.N.O. Sadiku
Prairie View A&M University Networking Academy, Prairie View, Texas, USA
This paper presents the quasi-TEM two-dimensional (2D) approach for the analysis of multiconductor transmission lines interconnect in single and two-layered dielectric region using the finite element method (FEM). FEM is especially suitable and effective for the computation of electromagnetic fields in strongly inhomogeneous media. We illustrate that FEM is as suitable and effective as other ...
N.N. Sharma, and A. Tekawade
Mechanical Engineering Group, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
A simple design for a microfluidic flow system for use in mixing or reacting assays with limited sample availability has been proposed and analyzed using COMSOL\'s multiphysics simulation package. The design is based on differential electroosmotic flow concept which has facilitated a number of interesting flow phenomena in micro-domains. For an average potential drop of about 86 kV/m in the ...
G. Ganzer, W. Beckert, T. Pfeifer, and A. Michaelis
The high thermal stability and fast start-up behavior make micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) a promising alternative for small-scale, mobile power devices in the range of some Watts. To understand the transport phenomena inside a single micro-tubular SOFC, a 2-D, axi-symmetric, non-isothermal model, performed in COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.2, has been developed. Due to long current path ...