Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying

A. Warning[1], J. M. R. Arquiza[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...

Analysis of Burning Candle

J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S.Y. Yushanov, and K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

Analysis of burning candles is extremely complex; combustion produces a highly non-linear temperature profile through the flame in which local temperatures may exceed 1400 °C. Heat transfer includes radiation, conduction and convection components and the low melting point of the candle wax leads to a phase change that allows mass transport via capillary flow prior to combustion in the flame. ...

Coupled PDEs with Initial Solution from Data in COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. K. Gobbert[1], X. Huang[1], S. Khuvis[1], S. Askarian[1], B. E. Peercy[1]
[1]University of Maryland - Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA

This paper presents information on techniques needed in COMSOL Multiphysics® to enable computational studies of coupled systems of PDEs for time-dependent non-linear problems. Furthermore, we demonstrate how to use data files as input for initial conditions. To illustrate the techniques, we consider a system of two time-dependent non-linear PDEs from mathematical biology that couples an ...

Modeling of Kinetic Interface Sensitive Tracers for Two Phase Immiscible Flow in Porous Media with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

A.-B. Tatomir[1], F. Maier[1], A. Jyoti[1], M. Sauter[1]
[1]Geoscience Centre of the University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

The understanding of the tracer migration in two-phase porous media systems and its reaction over the fluid-fluid interfaces is a challenging task important for a number of engineering applications, e.g. oil recovery, carbon capture and storage in geological reservoirs, remediation groundwater contaminations, etc. The goal of this work is to implement in COMSOL Multiphysics® an immiscible ...

Modelling and Simulation of a Single Particle in Laminar Flow Regime of a Newtonian Liquid

D. Jamnani[1]

[1] Alpha Project Service, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

The interaction of a single particle in straight rectangular channel in laminar flow is modelled explicitly using the set of Navier Stokes equation for the fluid motion and Newton momentum equation for the particle motion in Cartesian coordinate system. The evaluation of integral force acting on the particle along with the behaviour of streamlines as a function of Reynolds number ReP < 120 is ...

Study of Effect on Resonance Frequency of Piezoelectric Unimorph Cantilever for Energy Harvesting

G. R. Prakash[1], K. M. V. Swamy[1], S. Huddar[1], B. G. Sheeparamatti[1], Kirankumar B. B.[1]
[1]Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India

The focus of this paper is to study the effect on resonance frequency and power enhancement techniques[1] of piezoelectric MEMS and modeling, design, and optimization of a piezoelectric generator based on a two-layer bending element(Figure 1) using COMSOL Multiphysics. An analytical relation was developed based on the shift in resonance frequency(Figure 2) caused by the addition of a thin film ...

Design and Simulation of Unimorph Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System

E. Varadarajan[1], M. Bhanusri[2],
[1]Research and Innovation Centre (RIC), IITM Research Park, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[2]Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

In this paper we made an attempt to maximize the power output in the different piezoelectric materials in a unimorph cantilever beam configuration. In this research, a macro scale unimorph piezoelectric power generator prototypes consists of an active piezoelectric layer, stainless steel substrate and titanium proof mass was designed for frequencies 60 Hz - 200 Hz. An analytical model of a micro ...

Sensitivity Analysis of Different Models of Piezoresistive Micro Pressure Sensors

S. Meenatchisundaram[1], S. M. Kulkarni[2], S. Bhat
[1]Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.

Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...

Influence of Air Gap Length and Cross-Section on Magnetic Circuit Parameters

A. Polit[1], R. Jez[1]
[1]ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland

The air gap is one of the most crucial part of magnetic circuits, especially in high-power inductors. It significantly modifies the parameters of magnetic devices by increasing the saturation current, linearizing B-H curve of magnetic circuit and causing a decreasing in the inductance. Therefore the optimal selection of shape and dimensions of the air gap is very important from the design point ...

State of Charge (SOC) Governed Fast Charging Method for Lithium Based Batteries

F. Naznin[1]
[1]TVS Motor Company Ltd., Hosur, Tamil Nadu, India

The proposed State of Charge (SOC) governed fast charging method for secondary lithium based batteries charges a battery many times faster than the normal Constant Current-Constant Voltage (CC-CV) charging and reduces the side-effects generally accompanied by various fast charging methods. The proposed charging algorithm takes into account the varying internal impedance of the battery at ...

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