Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Deriving Correction Factors for a Primary Standard for Radiation Dosimetry

R. Tosh, and H. Chen-Mayer
Gaithersburg, MD

Accurate metrology of radiotherapeutic absorbed dose to water requires assessing the radiation induced temperature change. The most direct method for doing this is water calorimetry, for which the established technique involves the use of slender thermistor probes that are sealed within a glass vessel containing high-purity water. The probes and vessel perturb the radiation field, via ...

Multiphysics Modeling of a Metal Foam

B. Chinè [1][3], M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica

Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing it ...

Human Torso Model for Heat Transfer Analysis

X. Xu[1], T. Patel[1], R.W. Hoyt[1]
[1]U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA

A human torso model was created for heat transfer analysis. The torso was derived from the ‘Virtual Family’ whole-body voxel data from the ITIS Foundation (Zurich, Switzerland). Measurements were taken from the ITIS male along the axial plane at key anatomical landmarks and used to develop geometry in Solidworks. Individual components were created to represent the skin, fat, muscle, and bone ...

Use of Simulation in the Development of Next-generation Measurement Standards for Radiation Dosimetry

R. E. Tosh[1], H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

Calibration of field instruments used in radiation treatment clinics is currently traceable to NIST primary standards via protocols involving static, flat-field radiation beams. By contrast, radiation beams prescribed for treating cancer incorporate temporal and spatial modulation strategies in order to maximize dose to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue. Differences in the detector ...

Estimativa do Fluxo de Calor em uma Ferramenta de Corte Durante um Processo de Usinagem com o Uso do Software COMSOL Multiphysics® e de Técnicas de Problemas Inversos - new

R. F. Brito[1], S. R. de Carvalho[2], S. M. M. de L. e Silva[1]
[1]Federal University of Itajubá - UNIFEI, Itabira, Minas Gerais, Brasil
[2]Federal University of Uberlândia - UFU, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

This work proposes the use of inverse problem techniques in connection with COMSOL to estimate the heat flux and the temperature field on a turning cutting tool in transient regime. The main purpose of the present work is to present the improvements performed in relation to the authors’ previous work to develop the complex geometry of a machining process. Specification function, which is an ...

Improving Heating Uniformity of Dried Fruit in RF Treatments for Pest Control: Model Development and Validation - new

B. Alfaifi[1], J. Tang[2], Y. Jiao[2], S. Wang[3], B. Rasco[2], S. Jiao[2], S. Sablani[2]
[1]King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
[2]Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA
[3]Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China

Non-uniform heating is one of the most important challenges during the development of radio frequency (RF) heat treatments for pest control. A computer simulation model using finite element–based COMSOL Multiphysics® software was developed to investigate the heating uniformity of raisins packed in a rectangular plastic container and treated using RF heating. The developed model was then ...

Modeling Heat and Oxygen Atom Diffusion in Nuclear Fuel Rods with FEMLAB

Ramirez, J.C., Cristea, P., Stan, M.
Materials Science & Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory

The nuclear reaction is modeled as a uniformly distributed volumetric heat source. All heat is conducted from the fuel towards the outer surface of the cladding. A number of results are presented.

Effects of the Film Thickness on the Transient Conjugate Opticalthermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources in Back and Front Treatments

N. Bianco[1], O. Manca[2], S.Nardini[2], and D. Ricci[2]

[1]DETEC, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]DIAM, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa, CE, Italy

A two dimensional transient analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. Thermal and optical nonlinearity is induced during transient heating, since the response of weakly absorbing thin films depends on temperature. The heat ...

Use of COMSOL to Estimate the Thermal Properties and Kinetic Parameters for the Degradation of Anthocyanins in Grape Pomace

D.K. Mishra[1], and K.D. Dolan[1,2]
[1] Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University
[2] Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University

Degradation of components in low-moisture and high-temperature food is difficult to model because of the temperature gradient and long heating time. A method was developed to estimate the thermal properties of grape pomace and the rate constant and activation energy of anthocyanin degredation.

Analysis of Heat Transfer and Phase Change in Laser-Assisted Direct Imprinting Processes

F. K. Chung, Y. L. Wang, C. H. Chen
Department of Mold and Die Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Kaohsiung , Taiwan

In this study, a model cast in COMSOL Multiphysics has been developed for the analysis of heat transfer and phase change during laser-assisted direct imprinting processes. The features of this model include the employment of temperature-dependent thermal properties, the use of equivalent specific heat for the treatment of latent heat of fusion, automatically switching the thermal contact ...

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