Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Perforation Effect on a Rectangular Metal Hydride Tank for Hydriding and Dehydriding Process

E. Gkanas[1][2], S. Makridis[1][2], E. Kikkinides[1], A. Stubos[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[2]Environmental Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR 'Demokritos', Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen storage in a metal hydride bed, uses an intermetallic alloy that can absorb efficiently high amounts of hydrogen by chemical bonding resulting to metal hydrides. This alloy is capable of absorbing and desorbing hydrogen while maintaining its own structure. The heat, mass and momentum transfer in a metal-hydride reactor is mathematically described by energy, mass and momentum balance ...

Assessing the Potential of Ventilated Facades on Reducing a Buildings’ Thermal Load Using Decoupled COMSOL Simulations

J. van Schijndel[1], C. van Dronkelaar[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Solar radiation is a prominent contributor of energy in buildings, and can be transmitted directly into a building through opaque surfaces, but it can also be absorbed by building components (i.e. walls, roofs etc.). This study discusses the use and effect of ventilated facades, with an external facade cladding, a sub-structure anchored to the wall surface of the building under solar radiation, ...

Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL

J. Knox[1], K. Kittredge[1], R.F. Coker[1], R. Cummings[1], C.F. Gomez[1]
[1]NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

“NASA\'s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit” [1]. Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project [2], efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...

Flow Analysis and Optimization of a Hierarchical Plate Heat Exchanger for an Adsorption Heat Pump

E. Tempfli[1], F.P. Schmidt[1]
[1]Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Fluid Machinery (FSM), Karlsruhe, Germany

The paper investigates the hydrodynamic performance of a hierarchical parallel channel network for the objective of optimal thermal coupling to heat released in the adsorption processes, as in adsorption heat pumps. More specifically, the uniformity of the fluid flow over the network is improved by optimizing the topology of the manifold channels of the two hierarchical levels. For this purpose ...

The Hygro-Thermal Improvement of a Mounting System to Fasten Roof Workmen to Flat Roofs - new

H. L. Schellen[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

A Dutch firm manufactures a mounting system to fasten roof workmen to the roof of a flat roof building to prevent them from falling down from the roof. The system is mounted to the flat roof afterwards, i.e. after the completion of the thermal insulated roof. Because of the mechanical strength and stiffness properties of the system, it is manufactured using (stainless) steel. The steel, ...

Numerical Simulation of Evaporation Processes in Electron Beam Welding - new

E. Salomatova[1], D. Trushnikov[1], V. Belenkiy[1], V. Tsaplin[1]
[1]Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia

In this paper describes an original method for indirect measurement of the vapor pressure and temperature in the keyhole in electron beam welding. This method is based on the determination of the concentration of chemical elements in the vapor above the welding zone. Taking into account these data model is built 2D diffusion processes with heat and mass transfer elements in the melt, which ...

Local Conduction Heat Transfer in U-pipe Borehole Heat Exchangers

J. Acuna[1] and B. Palm[1]

[1]Department of Energy Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden

The most common way to exchange heat with the bedrock in Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) applications is circulating a fluid through a U-formed closed loop in vertical boreholes drilled several tenths of meters into the ground. This study presents and compares the results of eight cross sectional U-pipe Borehole Heat Exchanger configurations. Values from recent experimental temperature ...

The use of COMSOL for Building Constructions Engineering Regarding Heat and Moisture Transport

H. Schellen, A. van Schijndel, and P. Briggen
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Hunting Lodge St. Hubertus is one of the most prominent Dutch buildings from the early twentieth century. An extensive study of wind and wind-driven rain (WDR) was conducted to provide insight into the moisture load of the building facade, using measurements and CFD simulations. COMSOL Multiphysics was also used for modeling the moisture transport through the walls of the tower. The model ...

Modeling System Dynamics in a MEMS-Based Stirling Cooler

D. Guo, A. McGaughey, G. Fedder, M. Lee, and S. Yao
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA

Micro-scale devices based on the Stirling cycle are an attractive choice for chip- and board-level electronics. A new Stirling cycle micro-refrigeration system composed of arrays of silicon MEMS cooling elements has been designed. COMSOL is used to evaluate the thermal performance of the system. Simulation of compressible flow and heat transfer with a large deformed mesh has been successfully ...

Microwave Inactivation of Bacteria Under Dynamic Heating Conditions in Solid Media

S. Curet[1], M. Mazen Hamoud-Agha[1]
[1]GEPEA, UMR 6144, CNRS, ONIRIS, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France

In this study, COMSOL®4.2a is used to model a microwave heating process in a TE10 rectangular waveguide. The sample consists of a small cylindrical Ca-alginate gel (D = 8 mm, H = 10 mm) inoculated with bacteria Escherichia Coli K12. The sample is placed along the microwave propagation direction into the waveguide. Maxwell’s equations and heat transfer are coupled to a microbial inactivation ...