Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

COMSOL Modeling of a Submarine Geothermal Chimney

M. Suárez [1], and F. Samaniego [2]
[1]Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
[2]Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico

New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...

Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new

N. Aranzabal[1], J. Martos[1], J. Soret[1], J. Torres[1], R. García-Olcina[1], Á. Montero[2]
[1]Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.

Why We Have Earthquakes in the Eastern United States

J. K. Costain[1]
[1]Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA

There are only two types of naturally-occurring earthquakes anywhere on the Earth: 1) those associated with the dynamics of plate tectonics and 2) those associated with the dynamics of the hydrologic cycle. The first type is characteristic of an INTERplate setting (like the San Andreas Fault). The second (“hydroseismicity”) is characteristic of an INTRAplate setting (like the Virginia magnitude ...

2-Dimensional Incompressible and Compressible Mantle Convection - new

Changyeol Lee[1]
[1]Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea

COMSOL Multiphysics® software has been used in computational geodynamics for years. Because very high pressure in the mantle even significantly compressed the mantle up to ~40%, it is crucial to consider the mantle compressibility in computational geodynamics. COMSOL Multiphysics allows consideration of mantle compressibility using the CFD Module and I benchmarked COMSOL Multiphysics using ...

Modeling Self-Potential Effects during Reservoir Stimulation in Enhanced Geothermal System - new

G. Perillo[1], A. Monetti[2], A. Troiano[2], M. G. Di Giuseppe[2], C. Troise[2], G. De Natale[2]
[1]University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[2]INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Geothermal systems represent a large resource that can provide, with a reasonable investment, a very high and cost-effective power generating capacity. Despite its unquestionable potential, geothermal exploitation has long been perceived as limited, mainly because of the dependence from strict site-related conditions, mainly related to the reservoir rock’s permeability. In this work, SP ...

Numerical Inversion of Surface Deformation at Long Valley Caldera (California) By Using 3D Mechanical Models

S. Pepe, P. Tizzani, and A. Manconi
IREA-CNR, Napoli, Italy

We use 3D numerical models to analyze the ground deformation observed at Long Valley Caldera (LVC) between 1992 and 2000 via space-based geodetic techniques. More specifically, we implement a complex model that includes the topography and the material heterogeneities information of LVC. The 3D heterogeneous models are implemented of COMSOL models in a Genetic Algorithm optimization to constrain ...

Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)

M. Coccia[1], E. Carminati[1], F. Rolandone[2], M. Battaglia[1], D. Zuliani[3], and P. Fabris[3]
[1]Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[2]Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
[3]Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy

We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible ...

Evaluation of CO2 Leakages From An Aquifer Storage

A. Thoraval[1], R. Farret[2], A. Cherkaoui[2], and P. Gombert[2]
[1]INERIS, Nancy, France
[2]INERIS, Verneuil, France

This paper presents preliminary estimations of CO2 overpressure into the reservoir and CO2 leakage through the caprock and the overburden. A simple, two-phase flow model in porous media based on Darcy’s law was used, in order to explore easily long time periods. The models produced by COMSOL Multiphysics allow sensitivity studies and preliminary evaluations of the relations between CO2 leakage ...

The Soil as Bioreactor: Reaction-diffusion Processes and Biofilms

M. Richter[1], S. Moenickes[2], O. Richter[2], T. Schröder[1]
[1]BASF SE, Agricultural Center, Limburgerhof, Germany
[2]Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany

In a soil pore, water flows through the biofilm, where the density of the latter was assumed to represent a flow resistance. This mechanism was implemented as a local change of fluid viscosity proportional to local biofilm density. It was assumed that diffusive substrate transport is possible through the biofilm region such that the biofilm was able to degrade the substance. Maximum flow ...

Lava Tubes at Shallow Depth

M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy

Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths.  In this work we ...