R. Sikorski, T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
Stroke is caused by an interruption of brain blood supply and is one of the leading causes of death and disability. A mild reduction of 2-5°C in tissue temperature through hypothermia has shown reduced tissue infarct size, increased tissue recovery, and positive neurological effects. This paper seeks to predict the outlet blood temperature in the common carotid bifurcation branches. In our ...
R. V. Arimilli, A. H. Nejad, K. Ekici
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
A new simple air-cooled inverter design is numerically investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The thermal-fluid analysis is based on a three-dimensional conjugate heat transfer model in which the flow field is assumed to be laminar. A rigorous mesh convergence was performed to ensure that the overall energy balance error is within engineering accuracy while the computational cost is ...
Optimization of the Herringbone Type Micromixer Using Numerical Modelling and Validation by Measurements - new
E. Tóth, K. Iván, P. Fürjes
Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
Research Centre for Natural Sciences Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used in this study to simulate mixing by diffusion and by secondary flow. Particle tracing model was applied to simulate the mixing of cells in the microchannel. Results agreed well with the measurement, an optimal herring-bone structure was proposed for integration into a bioanalytical system.
M. Heidari, and P. Barrade
The core of this modelling is to study heat transfer and fluid dynamics processes for a compression expansion system, and the main particularity is that heat transfer and air movement are due to the movement of the piston. We have implemented a \"moving mesh\" solver to compute the volume changes of the compression chamber followed by a \"Fluid dynamics\" type solver. It allows correct ...
F. Daouda, J. Hamelin, P. Benard, S. Kumar Natarajan 
Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...
A. Travis, K. Ekici, J. Freels
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
A model utilizing interdimensional variable coupling is presented for simulating the thermal hydraulic interactions of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The model’s domain consists of a three-dimensional fuel plate and a two-dimensional coolant channel slice. In simplifying the coolant channel, the computational cost and solution time are both ...
D. Kekejian, Y. Martinez
ITESO, Tlaquepaque, Jalisco, Mexico
In this work, a new design is suggested which functions both as a pipe for fluid transfer and as a valve which decreases the flow of the fluid in the opposite direction in case there are pressure fluctuations in the pipe. Therefore, we call it a "Deformed Valve". To design the structure, we had to use different geometric shapes and calculate the velocity of the fluid for each shape to determine ...
Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new
A. Soliz, K. Mayrhofer, L. Caceres
Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile
A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...
U. Shukla, and D. Gupta
 Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
One of the major challenges faced by the semiconductor industry is that electronic circuits produce a lot of heat energy during their operation. And with the current scenario where the gates are packed so much close together, then the problem of heat generation has become extremely significant. So we are working towards the efficient heat management and dissipation solution for the heat ...
G. Jovonavic, J. Jones, and A. Yokochi
School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.