Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Pit Lake Flooding After Mine Closure

S. Jordana[1], A. Nardi[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Most of mining works, either on the surface or in the underground, demand continuous groundwater pumping in order to operate under dry conditions. When the mining activity stops, dewatering also stops and mining facilities begin to flood, quite quickly at the beginning but becoming slower as the water level in the pit lake rises. The rise of the surface of the lake decelerates due to the bigger ...

Behavior Models of Virtual Impactors

R. Haft[1]
[1]Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Hayward, CA, USA

A pocket-size portable particle size detector for diesel and cigarette smoke aerosols is being designed using particle size and composition methods. Aerodynamics, fluid properties, material composition and aerosol composition are taken into account. Testing methods for the design include using an impactor and virtual impactor with two quartz crystal resonators to determine particle composition ...

Reduction of Fluid Forces on a Square Cylinder Using Passive Control Methods

A. Alshayji [1], A. Abograis [1]
[1]Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait

COMSOL Multiphysics® is used in this study to simulate the flow around a square cylinder and focus on reducing the forces on the cylinder by passive control methods. Numerical simulations are made to find optimum cases of control methods that guarantee maximum reduction for Reynolds number 160 based on the width of the square cylinder (W) and the inlet flow velocity (U_in). The selection of the ...

Development of a New Blade Profile for a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

S. Yoshioka[1]
[1]Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan

The vertical axis wind turbine design depicted in (Fig.1) is widely considered a wind turbine of a wind power generation system because it can be easily miniaturized, it generates low noise, and it rotates regardless of wind direction. The vertical axis wind turbine has, however, low rotation performance when compared with that of a horizontal axis wind turbine. Therefore, we need to improve the ...

Optimization of Around-The-End Hydraulic Mixer Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Mohammadighavam[1], B. Kløve[1]
[1]University of Oulu, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering ,Oulu, Finland

After rapid mixing of waste water and coagulant, an effective slow mixing during a reasonable retention time will cause to grow the size of flocs up which will settle out easily. Around-the-end hydraulic mixer with barriers is one of the efficient facilities that have been used in water treatment plants for this purpose. A uniform velocity gradient (G) is needed to achieve efficient mixing and ...

Evaporation Induced Convection Under a Gas Channel

H. Machrafi[1], A. Rednikov[2], P. Colinet[2], P.C. Dauby[1]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Institut de Physique, Liège, Belgium
[2]Universite Libre de Bruxelles, TIPs - Fluid Physics, Bruxelles, Belgium

This work falls into the framework of an ESA experiment, which consists of observing the behavior of patterns and structures that can be formed after instability onset in a HFE7100 liquid layer, evaporating into a nitrogen gas flow. This study is performed by a three-dimensional numerical simulation of the transient temperature and fluid motion. The results show that first several small rolls ...

Annealing Furnaces Modelisation for Photovoltaïc Applications

J. Givernaud[1]
[1]EMIX, St Maurice La Souterraine, France

The optimisation of dimensions, materials choice of heaters in annealing furnaces are done with COMSOL Multiphysics® in 2D-axisymetry. Heat losses sources are identified and corrective actions can be taken in function of simulation results. A power saving of more than 50% is achieved thanks to simulations.

Flow Analysis and Optimization of a Hierarchical Plate Heat Exchanger for an Adsorption Heat Pump

E. Tempfli[1], F.P. Schmidt[1]
[1]Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Fluid Machinery (FSM), Karlsruhe, Germany

The paper investigates the hydrodynamic performance of a hierarchical parallel channel network for the objective of optimal thermal coupling to heat released in the adsorption processes, as in adsorption heat pumps. More specifically, the uniformity of the fluid flow over the network is improved by optimizing the topology of the manifold channels of the two hierarchical levels. For this purpose ...

Modeling Maillard Reaction and Thermal Transformations During Bread Baking

D. Papasidero[1], F. Manenti[1]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “Giulio Natta”, Milano, Italy

One big challenge for the food industry is to predict and optimize flavors. The Maillard reaction occurs in food matrices containing carbohydrates and proteins under specific operating conditions. The presented research couples thermal and kinetic modeling to the bread baking process, an ideal field to study this complex set of reactions responsible for many bread flavors. The thermal model ...

Investigating the Impacts of Hydrogeological Parameters on DSI Efficiency through Numerical Simulation

Y. Jin[1], E. Holzbecher[1], S. Ebneth[2]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Hölscher Wasserbau, Haren, Germany

Düsensauginfiltration (DSI),‘nozzle-suction-infiltration’, is a new method for dewatering that avoids groundwater abstraction from the aquifer. Drawdown is achieved via pumping of groundwater at upper abstraction section, meanwhile, all the pumped water is injected through the same borehole, but in greater depth. We use COMSOL Multiphysics® for the development of a 2D model that simulates ...