A. Forberger ,
 Gamax Laboratory Solutions Ltd., Budapest, Hungary
Introduction Present paper gives a comparison of the Upperconvected Maxwell (UCM) and the Oldroyd-B model for the calculation of dissipation in high shear-rate cases of viscodampers. When polymeric liquid is considered that part of energy that is irreversible can not be calculated in the typical way. For fluids where the separation into a solvent and a polymer part is not available the ...
A. Kremers , M. Pieper 
 Applied University Aachen, Aachen, Germany
Bionics is the scientific discipline between biology and technology. The aim of bionics is to recognize natural design principles and derive technical solutions. Natural structures have been optimized over generations by evolution. In most cases the minimization of the energy demand is a major intend of natural optimization. There are different designs of heat exchangers, e.g. parallel or ...
S. Gaied , M. Courtois , M. Carin , P. Le Masson 
 ArcelorMittal Global R&D, Montataire, France
 LUniv. Bretagne-Sud, Lorient, France
A Laser-welded blank (LWB) consists of steels of different thicknesses and/or grades welded together to produce a single blank prior to the forming process. LWB are mostly used in the automotive field where the high productivity of the laser welding process is an advantage. Numerical modeling of the welding process could be a way to optimize the energy input and the quality of LWB, by taking ...
R. R. Gidde , P. M. Pawar ,
 SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
In this paper simulation and parametric study of a PDMS valveless micropump using Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) appraoch is presented. The simulation for the valveless micropump were carried out in COMSOL Multiphysics software. In case of a valveless micropump diffuser/nozzle element is connected to a chamber with an oscillating diaphragm. To improve the flow rate of the valveless micropump, ...
Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation
A. Datta, and A. Halder
Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...
M. Jain, A. Rao, K. Nandakumar
Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...
S. Singer, W. H. Green
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...
EMIX, St Maurice La Souterraine, France
The optimisation of dimensions, materials choice of heaters in annealing furnaces are done with COMSOL Multiphysics® in 2D-axisymetry. Heat losses sources are identified and corrective actions can be taken in function of simulation results. A power saving of more than 50% is achieved thanks to simulations.
R. Kiflemariam, M. Almaz, F. Zevallos, C. Lin
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) water system. The model captures the variation of important environmental and system parameters such as outside temperature, solar irradiation, air velocity and temperature. The model has a good agreement with experimental data for the photovoltaic cell ...
University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA
Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...