Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of a Nozzle in a Borehole

E. Holzbecher [1], F. Sun [2],
[1] German University of Technology in Oman, Muscat, Oman, Germany
[2] Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany

In boreholes nozzles have to be found advantageous to increase the infiltration rate of water into the subsurface ground. Studies and practice in the field shows that the infiltration of water into permeable aquifers can be improved, if the flow in the borehole is modified. Due to the nozzle the flow regime turns from linear to turbulent. CFD studies help to understand the physics of the ...

Single Phase Flow Models in Fractal Porous Media Using a Fractal Continuum Mechanics Approach

E. Linares-Pérez [1], M. Díaz-Viera [1, 2],
[1] Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, DF, México
[2] Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, Ciudad de México, DF, México

The primary motivation of this work was to develop flow models in porous media with fractal properties to represent the anomalous behavior observed in some pressure tests in naturally fractured reservoirs.

Simulation of Flow in a Rectangular Channel of a PEM Fuel Cell

A. L. R. Paulino [1], E. Robalinho [2], E. F. Cunha [1], M. Linardi [1], R. R. Passos [3], E. I. Santiago [1]
[1] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
[3] Universidade Federal do Amazonas – UFAM, Manaus, AM, Brazil

The performance of a PEMFC depends on several factors, including the flow inside gas channels. Low gas velocity inside the channel can make water management more difficult, possibly causing water to accumulate and condense in certain regions of the cell. In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to visualize and describe gas flow inside the channel of a PEMFC operating with ...

Pore-Level Bénard–Marangoni Convection in Microgravity

P. Mohammadmoradi [1], A. Kantzas [1],
[1] University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Pore-level displacement of heavy-oil during thermal operations such as SAGD and CSS is a complex multi-scale phenomenon. As gravity drainage is the main depletion mechanism within the intergranular pore space, the surface tension-related phenomena are dominant in intra-granular micro-pores. Here, a multidisciplinary study is conducted to investigate the effect of temperature on pore-level ...

An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper

J. Michalski[1], and E. Gutirrez-Miravete[2]
[1]Hamilton-Sundstrand
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US

The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...

Evaporation Induced Convection Under a Gas Channel

H. Machrafi[1], A. Rednikov[2], P. Colinet[2], P.C. Dauby[1]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Institut de Physique, Liège, Belgium
[2]Universite Libre de Bruxelles, TIPs - Fluid Physics, Bruxelles, Belgium

This work falls into the framework of an ESA experiment, which consists of observing the behavior of patterns and structures that can be formed after instability onset in a HFE7100 liquid layer, evaporating into a nitrogen gas flow. This study is performed by a three-dimensional numerical simulation of the transient temperature and fluid motion. The results show that first several small rolls ...

Modeling the Acoustic Scattering from Objects Buried in Porous Sediment Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

A. Bonomo [1], M. Isakson [1],
[1] Applied Research Laboratories, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

A frequency-domain finite element (FE) technique for computing the acoustic scattering from axially symmetric fluid-loaded structures subject to a nonsymmetric forcing field based on Ref. 1 is extended to poroelastic media and implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. This method allows for the scattering body to consist of any number of acoustic, elastic, and poroelastic domains. The ...

Push or Pull, How Does Silk Flow?

J. Sparkes [1],
[1] University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

Silk is one of the longest used and most recognizable textiles that we, as a society, use regularly. We see it as a luxury good, worn as an indicator of success and value. However, despite mankind having domesticated and farmed silkworms for millennia, we still know relatively little about the manufacturing process which converts the liquid silk into the fibers we are so familiar with. Increased ...

Development of a Single Cell Trapping Microfluidic Device

L. Weng [1], F. Ellett [1], J. F. Edd [1], M. Toner [1,2],
[1] Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
[2] Shriners Hospital for Children, Boston, MA, USA

Array-based technologies are important for many applications in drug discovery, microbiology and cell biology. A large-scale array of single cells allows high-throughput monitoring of behaviors of individual cells in parallel, avoiding the lack of cell specificity inherent to bulk measurement methods. Here, we designed a passive-pumping microfluidic device for trapping cells in an array and used ...

Process Modeling and Optimization of Design Parameters in a Falling Film Plate and Frame Evaporator

A. Donaldson [1], A. Thimmaiah [2],
[1] Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[2] National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to explore the impact of distributor width on the film thickness, and the resulting sensitivity of overall thermal efficiency in a plate and frame triple-effect evaporator. A stable film is crucial to maintain a minimum wetting rate, to circumvent the “dry-out condition”. The hydrodynamics of stable film development as a function of distributor width was ...