Ng, S.W., Widdowson, G.P., Yao, S.
ASM Assembly Automation Ltd., Kwai Chung, N.T., HONG KONG
Due to its “almost-zero-friction” characteristics, air bearings are usually used in precision machines. In this study, FEMLAB is used to determine the static characteristics of a given porous air bearing design. The non-standard boundary condition can be readily modeled by the coupling capability of FEMLAB. In order to examine the validity of the present approach, the numerical result ...
D. Song, R. Gupta, and Chhabra
West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
Heat transfer from a sphere having a uniform temperature and falling axially in a cylindrical tube filled with an incompressible power-law liquid is numerically investigated. The governing equations for simultaneous flow around a confined sphere and heat transfer to power-law fluids were solved numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that the wall effects on the mean Nusselt number ...
J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, M.C. Leon-Hidalgo, J. Lora-Garcia, A. Santafe-Moros, and J.C. Garcia-Diaz
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Brine disposal from desalination plants placed in inland areas far from sea is an important problem. Evaporation ponds can be used for reducing the waste to solid state but they require huge amounts of land. Evaporation using arrays of wet surfaces can minimize the land requirements. One characteristic of the methods based on natural evaporation is the uncertainty associated to the influent ...
Wall Effect on A Spherical Particle Settling along The Axis of Cylindrical Tubes Filled with Carreau Model Fluids
D. Song, R. Gupta, and R. Chhabra
Dept. of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
The effect of finite boundaries on the drag experienced by a rigid sphere settling along the axis of cylindrical tubes filled with Carreau model fluids has been examined systematically over a wide range of condition. As expected, the presence of finite boundaries leads to an increase in the drag force exerted on a falling sphere thereby retarding its descent due to the obstruction caused by ...
Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy
Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...
P.K. Jain, V.B. Khane, J.D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
Simulation models for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses of ORNL’s HFIR have been developed using COMSOL. A single fuel plate and coolant channel of each type of HFIR fuel element was modeled in three dimensions. The standard k-? turbulence model was used in simulating turbulent flow with conjugate heat transfer. The COMSOL models were developed to be fully parameterized to allow ...
E. Abarca, A. Idiart, O. Silva, L.M. de Vries, J. Molinero, F. Vahlund, H. von Schenck
Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden
The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) operates the underground repository for low- and intermediate-level nuclear waste (SFR) located in Försmark, Sweden. An extension of the SFR is planned to accommodate mainly waste arising from the decommissioning of Swedish nuclear power plants. The long-term safety assessment for the SFR repository takes into account the future ...
K. Cluff, H. Mehraein, B. Jayakumar
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...
B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming process ...
R. Samso, N. Forquet, P. Molle, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France
Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...