Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Control the Poly-Dispersed Droplet Breakup Mode in a Droplet-based Microfluidic Device by External Electric Field

Y. Li [1], K. Nandakumar [1], M. Jain [1],
[1] Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Droplet–based microfluidics has received special research attentions in last two decades due to its superior control over fluid flow as well as other unique advantages[1]. By introducing two immiscible fluids into microfluidic systems, the reagent fluid is encapsulated inside discrete droplets or slugs of nanoliter volume [2]. Interestingly, two breakup modes, termed as “mono-dispersed” and ...

Implementation of a Thermo-Hydrodynamic Model to Predict the Morton Effect

M. Antonini [1], D. Fausti [1], M. Mor [1],
[1] PoliBrixia s.r.l., Brescia, Italy

In this paper, the "Morton Effect" is analyzed. This phenomenon is a particular kind of rotor instability due to non-uniform journal bearing heating. In this paper, an overview of the previous works has been done. After this preliminary study, a specific approach suggested by the literature has been chosen and analyzed. A thermal model, a rotor dynamic model and a stability criterion have been ...

Quantitative Assessment of Secondary Flows of Single-phase Fluid through Pipe Bends

Z. Kaldy [1], O. Ayala [1],
[1] Department of Engineering Technology, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA

Single-phase fluid flow was simulated passing through various three dimensional pipe elbows. The simulations varied by Reynolds number, curvature ratios, and sweep angles and were all conducted using the k-ε model available in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The intent of this research was to qualitatively assess the flow characteristics under several different conditions. Many similarities were ...

Optimization of Flow Distribution in the Feed Sparger of a Steam Drum

P. Goyal[1], A. Dutta[1], and A. K. Ghosh[1]
[1] Reactor Safety Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Steam drums of a nuclear power plant separate steam from the steam water mixture and sub cooled incoming feed water returns to the reactor. The entire feed water flow is delivered to the steam drum through the feed water sparger. The feed water sparger is provided with number of inverted ‘j’ type lateral tubes to  distribute the feed water in the drum for proper mixing with the separated ...

Calibration of MHD Flow Meter using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sahu[1], R. P .Bhattachryay[1], E. R. Kumar[1]
[1]Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

There is limited option for non-intrusive flow measurement of liquid metals at high temperature. Liquid metal flowing in a conduit along with the transverse magnetic field induces emf in the liquid metal. The emf developed; which has linear dependency on flow velocity; can be used for flow velocity estimation. In case of conducting conduit the emf can be measured at the conduit wall. The main ...

Increasing Heat Transfer in Microchannels with Surface Acoustic Waves - new

S. Berry[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, USA

In this numerical study, surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are evaluated as a potential disruptive flow technology for enhancing heat transfer in microchannels. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, the physics governing acoustics, single-phase-fluid flow and heat transfer are coupled. The results show that acoustic streaming can disrupt the bulk fluid flow, creating rotating vortices within the ...

Fluid Flow Modeling in a Bioreactor Applied to Wine Production

C. Soares [1], N. Padoin [1], P. M. Aballay [2], O. A. Ortiz [2],
[1] Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
[2] Universidad Nacional de San Juan, San Juan, Argentina

Wine quality is strongly dependent on the operation parameters of the production process. In batch or fed batch reactors, the rotating velocity should be carefully controlled to avoid cellular stress and ensure adequate mixing of the mixture. Moreover, precise control of substrates concentration evolution and cellular growth, as well as efficient heat transfer, allows the production of high ...

Numerical Analysis of the Thermal Resistance of a Multi-Layer Reflective Insulation Material Enclosed by Cavities under Varied Angles

R.S. Pelzers[1], A.W.M. van Schijndel[2]
[1]Former student Building Physics, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[2]Chair Building Physics, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

A numerical analysis on the thermal performance of a sample, consisting of two cavities surrounding a Multi-Layer Reflective Insulation (MLRI) material, under various angles and for downward and upward heat flows was performed. The sample reached high thermal resistance values when placed (nearly) horizontal under an upward heat flux, while at different angles and heat flux directions the ...

Performance Evaluation of the 19th Century Clipper Ship Cutty Sark: A Comparative Study - new

C. Tonry[1], M. Patel[1], C. Bailey[1], W. Davies[1], J. Harrap[1], E. Kentley[1], P. Mason[1]
[1]University of Greenwich, London, UK

The Cutty Sark, built in 1869 in Dumbarton, is the last intact composite tea clipper ship [1]. One of the last tea clippers built she took part in the tea races back from China. These races caught the public imagination of the day and were widely reported in newspapers [2]. They developed from a desire for ‘fresh’ tea and the first ship to return with the new season’s tea could charge a higher ...

3D Modelling of Flow Dynamics in Packed Beds of Low Aspect Ratio - new

F. Alzahrani[1], F. Aiouache[1]
[1]Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK

This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...