J. Smeulers, N. Gonzalez Diez
TNO, Delft, The Netherlands
Turbo compressors can generate high frequency tonal noise, causing nuisance in the environment. As the noise is radiated from the piping, a silencer is installed between the compressor and the pipe system. Commonly an absorption silencer is applied, which is a vessel that contains acoustic absorption material. Due to high flow velocities and vibrations the absorption material may be blown out of ...
R. Painter, J. Harris, T. Byl, L. Sharpe
Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA
In karst terrain, the interaction between the fast moving, highly turbulent conduit flow and the slow moving, laminar flow through porous media is largely unknown. Yet the dual nature of the karst system impacts the residence time of solutes in the groundwater supplies of over 25% of the world’s population. This project attempts to address the need for a better understanding of the dual flow ...
G. Actis Grande, A. Pezzin, G. Rovero
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Ozone treatment is an oxidative process used in wastewater treatment plant to demolish complex organic molecule. In the case of textile industry is required to adequately remove residual color, demolishing the chromophoric bonds or groups in the dye molecules. A useful method for adding the ozone gas into water and maximize ozone-water mixing to increase mass transfer, is the use of Venturi ...
Alam, P., Toivakka, M.
Laboratory of Paper Coating and Converting, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland
Multiphysics phenomena that occur when metering coating colours between paper and a composite polymeric-steel blade are simulated in this paper. The paper discusses modelling requirements for coating process technologies that have been fulfilled using the FEMLAB software, as well as requirements that still need to be modelled in order to accurately simulate the complex interdependent ...
University of Napoli
The objective of this paper is to present the results of a numerical study undertaken to investigate the hydrodynamics and turbulent transport and mixing inside two contact tanks, which have the same channels but different location of the baffles. Transient concentration data were used to derive the residence time distribution (RTD) function for both tanks in order to evaluate and compare ...
TEL US Holdings, Inc., Technology Development Center, Albany, New York, USA
In this presentation we are dealing with the computational fluid model of a Filament Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (FACVD) reactor. Proposed strategy in this study involved several steps: (a) development a computational model for FACVD process capable to describe and obtain with reasonable accuracy all relevant phenomena occurring in the reaction chamber; (b) validation the computational ...
K.C. Koppenhoefer, S.Y. Yushanov, L.T. Gritter, J.S. Crompton, and R.O. Edwards
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Cummins Fuel Systems, Columbus, IN, USA
Reynolds equation is used to analyze fluid flow through small gaps. As such, the solution of Reynolds equation provides critical information for a wide range of tribological problems. In any case where a lubricant resides between two moving surfaces, the Reynolds equation can be used to solve for the flow. In the case considered in this paper, lubricant flows between a piston and housing forced ...
ABB, Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden
Modern power transmission systems are in general designed to operate at high voltages in order to reduce resistive losses generated by high currents. This, however, tends to increase the risk for dielectric breakdown or flashovers if the equipment is not properly designed to withstand the stress. The present work illustrates how multiphysics simulations can be used to analyze and predict the ...
Computationally Assisted Design and Experimental Validation of a Novel ‘Flow-Focussed’ Microfluidics Chip for Generating Monodisperse Microbubbles
M. Conneely, V. Hegde, H. Rolfsnes, A. Mason, D. McLean, C. Main, F.J.D. Smith, W.H.I. McLean, P.A. Campbell
Carnegie Physics Laboratory, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
Division of Molecular Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
Whilst initially developed as a diagnostic aid to improve echogenicity in ultrasound imaging, gas-filled lipid microbubbles are now emerging as a next generation \'theranostic\' tool in the medical arena. Here, their therapeutic potential has now been realized through their unique capability to deliver molecular species such as drugs and genes by means of disrupting the cell membrane in response ...
Computational Modeling of the Electrohydrodynamics Influencing Trace Mercury Adsorption within Electric Utility Electrostatic Precipitators
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emissions increase the risk of neurological and neonatal health effects in humans through fish consumption. There are several technological approaches to controlling mercury emissions from coal combustion, including the injection of a powdered mercury sorbent into the flue gas upstream of the particulate control device (PCD). As most PCDs are electrostatic precipitators ...