J. Park , M. P. Vidal-Meza , R. Zhou , S. Barua , C. Wang ,
 Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
A simulation was performed to investigate the flow behaviors of drug delivery nanoparticles in a tumor-on-a-chip microfluidic device, which mimics a tumor cell having endothelial cells with micro-sized gaps. The Navier-Stokes equation and the convection-diffusion equation were used to model the flow field and the time-dependent particle distribution in the device, respectively. We investigated ...
P. S. Fodor, M. Kaufman
Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH, USA
In this work we investigate computationally the use of spiral channels at Reynolds numbers from 25 to 900 as a mixing structure (Figure 1) using COMSOL Multiphysics, the CFD Module, and the Chemical Species Transport physics. In this system, the centrifugal forces experienced by the fluid as it travels along the curved trajectory induce counter-rotating flows. The presence of these transversal ...
S. Sack , M. Abom 
 KTH, the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
The acoustic scattering through a circular orifice plate in a duct with low Mach number flow (M=0.1) is computed using the Linearized Navier-Stokes physics interface of COMSOL Multiphysics®. The work by Kierkegaard et al. is extended to account for higher order acoustic modes, i.e., behind the cut-on frequency of the first radial duct mode. Orifice flows tend to create a sharp separation zone at ...
E. Luz, D. M. P. Cunha, V. H. C. Lemos
Universidade Federal do Pará - UFPA, Belém, PA, Brasil; Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil
Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil
The phenomenon of cavitation can severely affect the working of valves used to control liquid flow. Cavitation occurs when the pressure is reduced and the water evaporates, forming bubbles. When bubbles pass into an area of higher pressure, they condense and collapse, releasing a large amount of energy able to removing the surface layers of the material. In this work, we model the effects of ...
Studying Magnetohydrodynamic Effects in Liquid Metal Flow Under Transverse Magnetic Field Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
S. Sahu, R. Bhattacharyay, E. Rajendrakumar
Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, India
Liquid metals are foreseen as a multipurpose coolant in fusion blanket systems. However, the strongly magnetic environment of the fusion reactor hinders the regular flow of the liquid metal. It interacts with transverse magnetic field and produces a Lorentz force opposing the flow, modifying the regular flow profile in the circular pipe or rectangular ducts. Complex geometry and lack of ...
V. Bruyere , C. Touvrey , P. Namy 
 SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
 CEA DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
The formation of porosities in spot laser welding depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. To understand and control these mechanisms, the COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model both the interaction and cooling stages of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The model is based on the Phase Field method in order to apprehend the evolution of the liquid-gas interface ...
L. Gurreri , F. Santoro , G. Battaglia , A. Cipollina , A. Tamburini , G. Micale , M. Ciofalo ,
 Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo (UNIPA), Palermo, Italy
Salinity gradient represents an interesting renewable energy source. Reverse ElectroDialysis (RED) is an ion exchange membrane-based process that convert directly the salinity gradient energy into electric current. Thereby, two solutions at different concentrations are fed into two series of alternated channels. As various physical phenomena occur in RED units and affect the process performance, ...
S. Thennavarajan, P. Jeyaraj , L. P. Manikandan , S. S. Kulkarni , S. Jana ,
Department of Mechanical Engineering, NITK, Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
CSIR- National Aerospace Laboratories, Bengalore, Karnataka, India
The high speed gas turbine is a power plant developed for modern aircrafts. It is widely used and developed because it can meet the high power to weight ratio. The rotor system of modern small gas turbine works above the critical speeds. Hence, there is a stricter requirement for the control and isolation of vibration magnitude under heavy unbalance load and passing through critical speeds. An ...
E. Amores Vera, J. Rodríguez Ruiz
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain
One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...
K. Weisbrod, R. Roberts, R. Chamberlin, S. Yarbro
Los Alamos National Lab, Los Alamos, NM, USA
Multiphase flow in a microreactor was studied numerically for two immiscible liquids. Validation of the model was sought by simulating the flow behavior and mass transfer characteristics of a neutralization reaction described in the literature. Contact angles, interfacial tension and the pressure field defined the interfacial boundary configuration. After first performing simulations to capture ...