Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...
A. Gizzi, C. Cherubini, S. Migliori, and S. Filippi
Nonlinear Physics and Mathematical Modeling Lab, Engineering Faculty, University Campus Bio-Medico, Roma, Italy
International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, University of Rome La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Alberto Sordi Foundation, Research Institute on Aging, Roma, Italy
Postoperative or paralytic Ileus (PI) is a temporary aftermath of major abdominal surgeries. PI prevents the passage of food throughout the lumen leading to bloating, distension, emesis and pain. A plausible mathematical model for this phenomenology physiologically fine tuned including thermal variations, is presented here. Using COMSOL Multiphysics the existing intestinal ionic model have been ...
A. Sun, and S. Murray
Dept. of Biomedical Engineering
UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
Implantable Collagen sponges are used in Spinal Surgery as Drug Delivery Scaffolds. An optimal concentration of growth factor that strikes a balance between bone growth and adverse diffusion effects is difficult to find. The porous sponge also serves as a scaffold for Osteoblast growth, and fluid shear has been shown to mediate biological effects on that cell type. We use COMSOL Multiphysics ...
O. Richter, H. Anh Nguyen, V. Phuoc Nguyen
Institute of Geoecology, University of Technology Braunschweig, Germany
Institute for Environment & Resources, HCM-City, Vietnam
Metal contaminants and organic pollutants are affecting aquatic environments in urban and industrial zones. Mangrove trees are capable of absorbing metal ions and organic pollutants. To estimate the remediation potential, a two dimensional model of water and substance flow in the soil plant system based on porous media equations was set up. We show that multiphysics approaches also apply to ...
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
A device for monitoring the oxygen consumption of cells has been developed, which consists of two parts; a cell culturing platform (CCP) and an oxygen sensing chip. The CCP possesses inlet and outlet pipes to direct the fluid under the test to the cell culturing chamber through the inlet pipe and goes out of the outlet pipe after being partially consumed by the cells. In this abstract, the ...
R. Sadleir, A. Minhas, and E.J. Woo
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
In an earlier work we developed a finite element bidomain model of an aplysia abdominal ganglion in order to estimate the sensitivity of this contrast mechanism to changes in cell membrane conductance occurring during a gill-withdrawal reflex. We used our model to determine both current density and magnetic potential distributions within a sample chamber containing an isolated ganglion when it ...
Numerical Prediction of Particle Dynamics Within a Cytometer. Application to Counting and Sizing by Impendance Measurement
HORIBA Medical, Montpellier, France
This paper describes how to numerically tackle the problem of counting and sizing particles by impedance measurement in an orifice–electrode system. The model simulate the particle dynamics submitted to strong hydrodynamic stresses through a microorifice and compute the voltage pulses generated by the modification of the inner dielectric medium. This FSI problem is solved on a moving mesh by ...
BD Medical - Medical Surgical Systems, Helsingborg, Sweden
Anders B Nilsson graduated M. Sc. in engineering physics from Lund University in Sweden. He has been working in the R&D department at BD Medical as principal engineer and project leader since 2005. He uses COMSOL for a wide range of functions, such as early concept development and qualification of products.
C. Morgan, N. Kenkare, M. Williams, A. Peterson, and D. Williams
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D, Duluth, GA
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D and Georgia Institute of Technology Co-op Program, GA
Introduction of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials provided products of unprecedented capability to deliver oxygen to the eye during wear. One additional material characteristic of interest is the material’s permeability to ions. This paper discusses descriptive tools and optimization of an impedance method of characterizing ion permeability. A physical model of conductive paper with ...
B. Granula, K. Porzig, H. Toepfer, M. Gacanovic
University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Technische Universität Ilmenau, Ilmenau, Germany
The prediction of the exact location and intensity of the electric field induced in the human brain during Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a nontrivial computational task. Numerical simulations of the procedure can be used to acquire first approximations in a safe and controlled environment. In order to make this approach more accessible, it is necessary to reduce computation time as much ...