Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Multiphysics Simulation of an Anode-supported Micro-tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC)

G. Ganzer, W. Beckert, T. Pfeifer, and A. Michaelis
Fraunhofer IKTS
Dresden, Germany

The high thermal stability and fast start-up behavior make micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) a promising alternative for small-scale, mobile power devices in the range of some Watts. To understand the transport phenomena inside a single micro-tubular SOFC, a 2-D, axi-symmetric, non-isothermal model, performed in COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.2, has been developed. Due to long current path ...

A Comparative Study of the Basic Flow Field Designs for High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells - new

A. Lele[1], N. Lodha[1], R. Srivastava[1], A. Pandey[2], A. Paul[3]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[3]CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India

A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) comprises a membrane-electrode assembly sandwiched between two conducting ‘monopolar’ plates having engraved gas flow channels, also called the flow field. The purpose of the flow field is to provide sufficient residence time for the gases to undergo reactions at the two electrodes, effect a homogeneous distribution of reactant gases over the given ...

Mathematical Modeling of Direct Borohydride Fuel Cells and its Experimental Validation

A. K. R. Paul[1], K. S. Gandhi[2], and A. K. Shukla[3]
[1] Central Electrochemical Research Institute – Madras Unit, CSIR Complex, Taramani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India
[3] Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India

  Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs) use sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as fuel and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidant. A mathematical model encompassing mass balance of ionic species in different regions of the DBFC is developed. Both the oxidation of sodium borohydride and reduction of hydrogen peroxide are assumed to obey Tafel kinetics. This is combined with boundary conditions ...

Parametric Study of Electrolyte-Supported Planar Button Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A. Aman[1], R. Gentile[1], Y. Xu[1], N. Orlovskaya[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...

Evaluation of Performance of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells with Microelectrode Arrays Inside a Blood Artery via Finite Element Approach

C. Wang[1], Y. Song[1]
[1]Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are considered as a promising candidate for powering miniature implantable devices. In order to predict the performance in the human blood artery, we simulated a 3D EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays. In this simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®, we applied the 1) Michaelis Menten equation; 2) Nernst potential equation; 3) Navier Strokes velocity, ...

Estimation of Localized O2 Starvation Using 3D Modelling for PEM Fuel Cells

Ramesh P[1], S.P Duttagupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...

Determining Degradation in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Electrode Materials Using COMSOL Multiphyics® Software - new

G. Cui[1], Z. Chen[1], F. Tariq[1], V. Yufit[1], N. Brandon[1]
[1]Imperial College London, London, UK

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are one of the most attractive technologies for meeting our future energy demands. They promise the efficient conversion of chemical to electrical energy and are a growing area of both academic and industrial interests. Typical electrode-supported SOFCs consist of three key components, two porous functional electrode layers (anode and cathode) and one dense ...

Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery

C. Wang[1], Y. Parikh[1], Y. Song[1], and J. Yang[1]
[1]Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA

Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...

Sensitivity Analysis for High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell - new

A. Lele[1], N. Lodha[1], R. Srivastava[1], U. Bipinlal[1], A. Pandey[2], A. Paul[3]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[3]CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is an electrochemical device, which converts a part of heat from the formation of water into electricity. Each cell has a Membrane-Electrode Assembly (MEA) which is placed between two electrically conducting plates having gas flow channels. An MEA is made of a solid proton-conducting electrolyte sandwiched between two electrodes (anode and cathode). ...

Computational Multiphysics to Optimize Humidification Chamber for a Novel PEM Fuel Cell Power System Used in Automobile Application - new

M. Raja[1]
[1]Tata Motors, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells are quickly becoming an attractive technology due to their ability to meet increasing energy demands in a cleaner, more efficient way compared to existing methods. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device which converts the chemical energy of a fuel and an oxidant directly into electricity without the intermediate step of classical, chemical combustion ...

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