S. Sahu, R. P .Bhattachryay, E. R. Kumar
Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
There is limited option for non-intrusive flow measurement of liquid metals at high temperature. Liquid metal flowing in a conduit along with the transverse magnetic field induces emf in the liquid metal. The emf developed; which has linear dependency on flow velocity; can be used for flow velocity estimation. In case of conducting conduit the emf can be measured at the conduit wall. The main ...
A. Frey , I. Kuehne , R. Großmann , T. Frommelt , L. Fromme , T. Koch ,
 Augsburg University of Applied Sciences, Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany
 Heilbronn University, Heilbronn, Germany
 Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, Bielefeld, Germany
 COMSOL Multiphysics GmbH, Göttingen, Germany
Today, 90 percent of automation sensors are binary proximity detectors. Besides capacitive and optical types, inductive proximity sensors are essential for industrial applications. Compared to their mechanical counterparts, they offer almost ideal properties as contact-free and wear-free working principle as well as high switching frequency and precision. Inductive sensors cover a detection ...
J. Lin ,
 Pitotech Co. Ltd., Changhua City, Taiwan
Common mode chokes are good EMI filters in electronic power systems . For such devices, values for their impedance are critical to their performances as noise filters. In this study, a two-step finite element approach is employed to study the impedance variations of a ferrite-core common mode choke operating at high frequencies (0.1 to 10 MHz) . Extraction of inter-winding parasitic ...
S. Khushrushahi, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
A fully filled sphere of ferrofluid has constant demagnetizing factors in all three Cartesian directions such that when subjected to a uniform external rotating magnetic field the internal field is also uniform, and ultrasound measurements give no observable flow. Non-uniform magnetic fields or a non-uniform distribution of susceptibility are necessary conditions for ferrofluid spin-up flows in ...
Using the Electrical Field Analysis for Assessment of the Influence of Paper Insulation on Discharge Initiation in Oil
P. Rozga, D. Hantsz
Technical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
Conclusions about the influence of paper insulation on the electrical discharge initiation in mineral oil may be drawn on the basis of experimental studies. However, in some cases, these conclusions may be supported by electrical field analysis. Determination of maximum values of electrical field stress in the vicinity of model electrode setups may bring a new information about initiation ...
T. S. Jones , C. R. Pérez , J. J. Santiago-Avilés ,
 University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Microwave impedance microscopy (MIM) is a novel mode of atomic force microscopy that can measure topography and local electrical impedance simultaneously and with nanometer spatial resolution . This technique is typically used qualitatively, identifying defects in nanodevices or imaging ferroelectric domain walls, for example. However, the technique also has the potential to be used in a more ...
G. Gomila , L. Fumagalli , R. Fabregas ,
 Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya (IBEC), Departament d’Electrònica, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
 Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya (IBEC), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Electrical scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques, such as electrostatic force microscopy, nanoscale impedance microscopy or scanning near field microwave microscopy, are a relatively new branch of microscopy techniques that can generate images of the nanoscale electrical properties of samples (conductivity, permittivity, charge, etc.). These techniques scan the surface of a sample ...
P. Almeida, and M. Benilov
Departamento de Física. Universidade da Madeira, Portugal
It was suggested long ago that a theoretical model of a near-cathode region in a DC glow discharge admits multiple steady-state solutions describing different modes of currrent transfer. Even the most simple self-consistent models should admit such multiple solutions. In the present work, these solutions have been calculated for the first time with COMSOL Multiphysics.
E. Weststrate, M. Steinback, N. Rensing, and T. Tiernan
Radiation Monitoring Devices Inc., Watertown, MA, USA
Passing alternating current through a wire placed just above a conducting surface induces eddy currents in that surface. Any cracks present in the conductor modify the eddy current distribution, creating a magnetic field signature unique to the crack. This magnetic signature can be detected by placing magnetic field sensors such as magnetoresistive sensors or inductive loop pickups in close ...
S. Roy, G. Konar
Power Engineering Department, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Energy storage is an essential component for hybrid power system using non-conventional energy resources. Batteries, compressed air energy storage, pumped hydro plants etc. have been developed for storage. However, these have demerits like losses involved in energy conversion and time delay. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) can be a good alternative as it stores electrical energy ...