Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulations of Meniscus Motion and Evaporation for Convective Deposition Manufacturing

J. Xiao, and D. Attinger
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Convective deposition is a material processing technique where an evaporating meniscus of a colloidal suspension is dragged along a solid substrate to deposit layers of micro or nanoparticles. The process is a typical multiphysics process where fluid dynamics, mass and heat transfer come into play in a small deforming domain. In this work, we describe an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Euler model ...

Stefan's Problem: Validation of a One-Dimensional Solid-Liquid Phase Change Heat Transfer Process

D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

A 1D phase change problem, known as Stefan’s problem, for which analytical solutions are available, is solved as a 2D problem using COMSOL Multiphysics. The PCM medium is semi-infinite, initially solid at its melting temperature Tm, and at t = 0, the wall temperature is raised to Tw > Tm, prompting the PCM to start melting, from pure conduction, in a linear fashion starting at x = 0. The ...

Modeling Light Diffraction Using the Finite Element COMSOL

J.D. Bamonte
U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

COMSOL is finite element modeling software capable of solving partial differential equations. This capability allows for the modeling of boundary value problems, which is necessary to the study of light and the properties of light propagation. For this study, we are modeling Fraunhofer diffraction of light using a solution of the Helmholtz equation with boundary values appropriate for ...

Failure Stress Analysis of Fiber Reinforced of Composite Laminates under Uniaxial/Biaxial Loading

Z. Hasan[1], F. Darwish[2], and S. Al-Absi[2]
[1]Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
[2]Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

The main objective of the present work is to perform stress analysis on composite laminates under unaxial/biaxial loading to serve as a preliminary data for test verification. A detailed calculation based on the Classical Lamination Theory was performed for a laminate. The material used was carbon/epoxy applying a pure uniaxial load followed by a biaxial load. It was observed that the failure ...

Modeling of a Helical Coil Heat Exchanger for Sodium Alanate Based on-board Hydrogen Storage System

S. Kumar[1], and M. Raju[2]
[1]General Motors R&D Center, Warren, MI, USA
[2]Optimal CAE Inc., Detroit, MI, USA

Hydrogen refueling in a metal hydride based automotive hydrogen storage system is an exothermic reaction and hence an efficient heat exchanger is required to remove the heat for fast refueling. In this paper a helical coil heat exchanger embedded in a sodium alanate bed is modeled using COMSOL. Sodium alanate is present in the shell and the coolant flows through the helical tube. A ...

Finite Element Analysis of Pipes Considering the Effects of Stress Concentration Due to Dents

S.C. de Oliveira[1], E.P. de Deus[2], and A.M. Mont'Alverne[2]
[1] Funcap/CNPq, CE, Brazil
[2] Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil

This paper presents a numerical analysis of indented pipes based on the Finite Element (FE) within the framework of COMSOL Multiphysics. Numerical models using two-dimensional solid plane strain elements are evaluated. Geometric nonlinear analysis, nonlinear isotropic hardening material and contact were also incorporated into the models. The numerical models are calibrated by using an analytical ...

A Directional Dogbone Flextensional Sonar Transducer

S.C. Butler
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA

In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...

Modeling PIN Photodiodes

R.W. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA

This paper presents one approach to the modeling of an abrupt junction PIN photodiode light sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics software and the incorporated SPICE® capability. The current model is built using the capabilities of SPICE in COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0. This model demonstrates the use of SPICE and the AC/DC Module to build a conduction current, rather than an electrostatic, model. This ...

Characterization of an AlGaN/GaN Electrostatically Actuated Cantilever Using the Finite Element Method

N. DeRoller, M. Qazi, J. Liu, and G. Koley
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

AlGaN/GaN heterostructures are unique because the 2DEG at the interface is created by the difference in polarization properties of the AlGaN and the GaN layers; not due to intentional doping. In this work, a 3D model of an electrostatically actuated micro cantilever has been developed using COMSOL for characterization using the finite element method (FEM). The microcantilever has AlGaN/GaN HFET ...

COMSOL Multiphysics-Based Exploratory Insulin Secretion Model for Isolated Pancreatic Islets

P. Buchwald
University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA

Insulin released by the beta-cells of pancreatic islets is the main regulator of glucose homeostasis, hence, insulin secretion models are of considerable interest for many possible applications. Building on our previous oxygen consumption and cell viability model for avascular islets of Langerhans, we developed an exploratory insulin secretion model that couples the hormone production rate to the ...

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