Numerical Modelling of a Free-Burning Arc in Argon. A Tool for Understanding the Optical Mirage Effect in a TIG Welding Device
J-M. Bauchire, E. Langlois-Bertrand, and C. de Izarra
GREMI, CNRS, Université d’Orléans, Orléans, France
In this paper, we present the numerical modelling of a free-burning arc and its application to the understanding of optical mirage effect which could occur in a TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) device used in welding applications.
A. Montisci and R. Pintus
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
The aim of the proposed device is to overcome the typical drawbacks of MHD generators, such as the needed of a very high external magnetic field, the strong dependency of the efficiency by the temperature of the fluid, and the deterioration of the electrodes that are in contact with the high temperature plasma. In fact the proposed device does not need an external magnetic fluid to work, but it ...
A.H. Feyissa, J. Adler-Nissen, and K.V. Gernaey
Food Production Engineering, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
A 2D mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transfer describing oven roasting of meat was formulated from first principles. The current formulation of model equations incorporates the effect of shrinkage phenomena and water holding capacity. The model equations are based on conservation of mass and energy. The pressure driven transport of water in meat is expressed using Darcy’s equation. ...
U. Bardi, C. Borri, A. Fossati, A. Lavacchi, and I. Perissi
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy
A Finite element model of plasma sprayed TBC’s was developed to estimate the stress induced by thermal cycling experiments. A heat transfer analysis was performed to evaluate the temperature distribution on the specimen during the cooling under an impinging air jet; temperature measurements performed with an infrared pyrometer on the cooled samples show good agreement with the evaluated ...
M. Hedges and Y.W. Lam
Acoustics Research Centre, School of Computing, Science & Engineering, University of Salford, Salford, United Kingdom
Monitor Audio Ltd., Rayleigh, Essex, United Kingdom
Loudspeaker simulation is used to inform the designer as to the performance of a design. In recent years the Finite Element Method (FEM) has been used to model the mechanical and acoustical attributes of a loudspeaker with varying success. This paper shows how a model that incorporates the magnetic, electromagnetic, mechanical and acoustical domains performs. These domains will be coupled where ...
G.Y. Sun, O. Sekula, and C. Albanbauer
Brugg Kabel AG, Brugg, Switzerland
A 2D model of coupled electricthermal application is used to calculate the temperature distribution in a high voltage dummy cable laid in free air, where no high voltage is applied. Resistive loss heats the cable while the surrounding air cools it down. The steady-state condition is reached when heat balances. The steady-state temperature depends not only on the resistive loss but also on the ...
A. Hallgarth, A. Zayer, A. Gatward, and J. Davies
Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
Independent Consultants, United Kingdom
HazRes has developed a gas discharge and dispersion model in COMSOL which takes into account the effects of localized wind profiles and turbulence generated by buildings, structures and terrain on the dispersion of gases in question. The main focus of this work is to develop and provide clients with more accurate prediction methods relative to industrial standard software tools in modeling ...
M. Quast and N.R. Lalic
Gunytronic GmbH, St Valentin, Germany
The sensor type developed by Gunytronic uses corona discharge for measuring flow rates in exhaust streams of automotives, aircrafts and industrial plants. This paper will present the development of testing equipment used in laboratory for investigating physical relations on corona currents, charged particle transport, the calculation of the collateral electric fields and high potentials. This ...
E. Muraca, V. Gramigna, and G. Fragomeni
Department of Experimental Medicine and Clinic, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy
The goal of this research is to provide the medical staff with a numerical system assessment of wall shear stress in carotid bifurcation. Through this model, it will be fundamental to investigate the stress state properties of the surface in contact between the plaque and the artery, and study the geometric relationship between the bifurcation angle and fluid structural properties. The formation ...
R. Wislati and H. Haase
Institut für Grundlagen der Elektrotechnik und Messtechnik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany
In this paper an Electromagnetic Solenoid Actuator (EMVA) consisting of an upper and lower electromagnet, a linear moving armature and two preloaded springs is considered as a potential approach in Variable Valve Actuation (VVA) systems for internal combustion engines. The analysis of the upper electromagnet has been performed using Finite Element Method (FEM) simulation. Thereby an axially ...