Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Multibody Contact Analysis of an Rzeppa CV-Joint

L. Armellin[1], F. Gatelli[1], and G. Tanghetti[1]

[1]R&D Department, Metelli S.p.A., Cologne, BS, Italy

Ball joints are widely used in many applications. This paper describes the contact and kinematic analysis of an Rzeppa type constant-velocity joint (CV-joint). Starting from a conveniently simplified 3D model, at fixed joint angle of 45°, a CV-joint made of all “generic steel” components has been studied. Considering only a “perfect” geometry (i.e. not affected by ...

The Acoustoelastic Effect: EMAT Excitation and Reception of Lamb Waves in Pre-Stressed Metal Sheets

R.M.G. Ferrari[1]
[1]Danieli Automation S.p.A., Buttrio, UD, Italy

The acoustoelastic effect relates the change in the speed of an acoustic wave travelling in a solid, to the pre-stress of the propagation medium. In this work the possibility of assessing nondestructively the stress status in metal sheets, by using the acoustoelastic effect, is investigated. As the effect turns out to be very small for practical values of applied stress, the proposed technique ...

An Acoustical Finite Element Model of Perforated Elements

P. Bonfiglio[1][2] and F. Pompoli[1][2]
[1]Materiacustica S.r.l., Ferrara, Italy
[2]Engineering Department, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

The present work deals with a numerical investigation of resonating systems used for noise control applications. In literature one can find analytical models based on fluiddynamics concepts for evaluating losses occurring across the holes of the perforates. In the paper an acoustical formulation based on the equivalent dissipative fluid approach will be analyzed. It will be firstly applied to ...

3D Simulation of the Thermal Response Test in a U-tube Borehole Heat Exchanger

L. Schiavi[1]

[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Parma, Parma, Italy

Simulated Thermal Response Test (TRT) data are analyzed in order to evaluate the effect of the tridimensionality model’s feature in determining the proper value of the soil thermal conductivity and borehole thermal resistance. The 3D system’s simulation during the TRT is realized by adopting the finite element method. The comparison of the numerical results with the analytical ...

Fast 2D Simulation of Superconductors: A Multiscale Approach

V.M. Rodriguez-Zermeno[1], M.P. Sørensen[1], N.F. Pedersen[2], N. Mijatovic[2], and A.B. Abrahamsen[3]
[1]DTU Mathematics, Lyngby, Denmark
[2]DTU Electrical Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark
[3]Materials Research Division, Risø, DTU, Roskilde, Denmark

This work presents a method to calculate AC losses in thin conductors such as the commercially available second generation superconducting wires through a multiscale meshing technique. The main idea is to use large aspect ratio elements to accurately simulate thin material layers. For a single thin superconductor, several standard test cases are simulated including transport current, externally ...

Finite Element Model of a Complex Glass Forming Process as a Tool for Control Optimization

F. Sawo[1] and T. Bernard[1]
[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Karlsruhe, Germany

This paper addresses the modeling of a complex glass forming process as an example of a complex, nonlinear distributed parameter system. The system is modeled by a fluid dynamics approach, which means that the forming is regarded as a fluid with free surfaces. Here, the coupling of the forming process with the heat flow is considered. The influence of crucial model parameters (e.g., dynamic ...

Hyperbolic Heat Transfer Equation for Radiofrequency Heating: Comparison between Analytical and COMSOL Solutions

V. Romero-García[1], M. Trujillo[2], M.J. Rivera[2], J.A. López Molina[2], and E.J. Berjano[3]
[1]Centro de Tecnologías Físicas Acústica, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Dpto. Matemática Aplicada, Instituto Universitario de Matemática Pura y Aplicada, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[3]Institute for Research and Innovation on Bioengineering, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

The Radiofrequency Heating (RFH) is widely employed to heat biological tissue in different surgical procedures. Most models analyze the RFH employing a Parabolic Heat Transfer Equation (PHTE) based on Fourier's theory. The PHTE can be used for problems involving long heating times or low thermal gradients. However, when the problem involves short heating times or extreme thermal gradients it is ...

Classical Models of the Interface Between an Electrode and an Electrolyte

E. Gongadze[1], S. Petersen[1], U. Beck[2], and U. van Rienen[1]
[1]Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, University of Rostock,
Rostock, Germany

The Electrical Double Layer (EDL) plays a major role in understanding the interface between a charged surface (e.g. an implant) and ionic liquids (e.g. body fluids). The three classical models of the EDL (Helmholtz, Gouy, and Chapman-Stern) are numerically solved for a flat surface electrode in the 3D Electrostatics application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a. The values of the electric ...

Large Scale Outdoor Flammable & Toxic Gas Dispersion Modelling in Industrial Environments

A. Hallgarth[1], A. Zayer[1], A. Gatward[2], and J. Davies[2]

[1]Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
[2]Independent Consultants, United Kingdom

HazRes has developed a gas discharge and dispersion model in COMSOL which takes into account the effects of localized wind profiles and turbulence generated by buildings, structures and terrain on the dispersion of gases in question. The main focus of this work is to develop and provide clients with more accurate prediction methods relative to industrial standard software tools in modeling ...

Measuring and Calculation of Positive Corona Currents Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Quast[1] and N.R. Lalic[1]
[1]Gunytronic GmbH, St Valentin, Germany

The sensor type developed by Gunytronic uses corona discharge for measuring flow rates in exhaust streams of automotives, aircrafts and industrial plants. This paper will present the development of testing equipment used in laboratory for investigating physical relations on corona currents, charged particle transport, the calculation of the collateral electric fields and high potentials. This ...

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