T. Chen, and P.G. Ifju
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
This paper describes using thermal-structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material properties from the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created using COMSOL ...
Y. Huang, and A. Mason
Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
This paper describes the modeling of an electrochemical biosensor embedded in a microfluidic channel to determine the concentration of a target biomolecule. The total amount of analyte in the sample can be calculated by integrating the analyte concentration over the duration of the peak current. The biosensor is constructed by immobilizing redox-enzyme on an interdigitated array (IDA) electrode ...
Modeling of Drying of Cellular Ceramic Structures: Coupled Electromagnetic and Multiphase Porous Media Model
A. Dhall, G. Peng, G. Squier, M. Geremew, L. Bogaczyk, J. George, W.A. Wood, and A.K. Datta
Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
Manufacturing Technology & Engineering, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA
Corporate Research, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA
Cellular ceramic substrates are extensively used for pollution control systems in vehicles. The manufacturing process of them can involve microwave drying. In this study, we describe the development of a modeling framework for the microwave drying process of these substrates. The transport model is implemented in COMSOL 3.5a using 4 PDEs: 1) Convection-Conduction for temperature, 2) ...
R. Zúñiga-Quesada, M. Vílchez-Monge, P. Vega-Castillo
Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
This work describes the study of a thermal actuator and modifications to the materials employed in order to decrease power consumption and implementation costs. For this study, we worked on improving the thermal actuator described in the work of T. Ebefors. The criteria for choosing the new materials were lower power consumption, commercial availability, and ease processing. The thermal actuator ...
J. Biggs, P. VonLockette, and S. Lofland
Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey
Magnetorheological Elastomers (MREs) are a composite that consist of magnetic micrometer sized particles suspended within rubber matrix filler. By placing this material within an external magnetic field during the rubber curing process, the poles of the particles are forced to align and form chains of particles within the matrix. These chains cause the MRE to change its stiffness properties when ...
C. Bouchot, and M.A. Valenzuela
Instituto Politécnico Nacional-ESIQIE, México D.F, México
A general purpose stainless steel micro reactor setup for methane conversion is being designed for research purposes. We intend to design and build a modular device that would be able to manage different types of reactions depending on the installed modules. The device should be able to allow the study of gas phase reactions at low (atmospheric) and high pressures (up to 20 MPa), with the ...
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...
C.B. Crawford, Y. Shin, and G. Porter
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
Traditionally the design cycle for magnetic fields involves guessing at a reasonable conductor / magnetic material configuration, using FEA software to calculate the resulting field, modifying the configuration, and iterating to produce the desired field. Our method involved solving the classical Laplace equation on regions with imposed boundary conditions, which was implemented straightforwardly ...
H. Ishimori, and K. Endo
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
To consider effective counter measures against ground water contaminated with dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) such as chlorinated solvents, it is first important to understand the mechanism of their migration in heterogeneous aquifer. In addition, numerical analysis models to simulate such a complex migration in heterogeneous aquifer are required. The displacement pressure, which is ...