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Modeling of Transport Phenomena in Gas Tungsten Arc Welding of Ni to 304 Stainless Steel

A. Bahrami[1], D. K. Aidun[1]
[1]MAE Department, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to simulate the transport phenomena in arc welding of Nickel to 304SS. Electric Currents (ec) and Magnetic Fields (mf) are used to solve for the Lorentz force which is one of the volume forces. Laminar Flow (spf) is used to simulate flow field. The Lorentz and buoyancy forces are applied as volume forces to the fluid domain. Marangoni effect also is applied to the surface as a weak contribution. Heat Transfer in Phase Change is applied to model the melting. The melt is assumed to be composed of a uniform mixture.

Due to lower melting temperature of 304 and higher thermal diffusivity of Ni, the weld pool is asymmetric. It is larger in the 304 side.