# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Magnetic Field of a Helmholtz Coil

A Helmholtz coil is a parallel pair of identical circular coils spaced one radius apart and wound so that the current flows through both coils in the same direction. This winding results in a uniform magnetic field between the coils with the primary component parallel to the axes of the two coils. Applications of Helmholtz coils range from canceling the earth’s magnetic field to generating ...

### Modeling Vibration and Noise in a Gearbox

A gearbox is used to transfer power from an engine to its associated wheels or cogs, which can result in radiating noise to the surroundings. This is due to the transmission of undesired lateral and axial forces on the bearings and housing, while transmitting power from one shaft to the other, as well as the vibrations of flexible components, such as the gear meshes, bearings, and housing. By ...

### Buoyancy Flow of Free Fluids

This model couples the Navier Stokes equations and the heat transfer equations to examine density driven flow of free fluids. Here the fluid is in a square cavity with a heated wall. The buoyancy force is a Boussinesq term added to the Navier-Stokes equations. The equation is nondimensionalized, so the material coefficients are set up using Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers. The parametric solver ...

### Capillary Filling - Phase Field Method

This example studies a narrow vertical cylinder placed on top of a reservoir filled with water. Because of wall adhesion and surface tension at the air/water interface, water rises through the channel. Surface tension and wall adhesive forces are often used to transport fluid through microchannels in MEMS devices or to measure, transport and position small amounts of fluid using micropipettes. ...

### Steady-State 2D Heat Transfer with Conduction

This example shows a 2D steady-state thermal analysis including convection to a prescribed external (ambient) temperature. It is given as a benchmarking example. The benchmark result for the target location is a temperature of 18.25 C. The COMSOL Multiphysics model, using a default mesh with 556 elements, gives a temperature of 18.28 C. Successive uniform refinements show a temperature of 18.26 ...

### Rock Fracture Flow

A potential flow model of fluid flow in a rock fracture uses the so-called Reynolds equation. It shows how to use experimental data interpolated to a function used in the equation.

### Voltage Induced in a Coil by a Moving Magnet

A magnet moving axially through the center of a coil will induce a voltage across the coil terminals. One practical application of this is in shaker flashlights, where the flashlight is vigorously shaken back and forth, causing a magnet to move through a multi-turn coil, which provides charge to the battery. In this model, the motion of a magnet through a coil is modeled, and the induced ...

### Axisymmetric Transient Heat Transfer

This is a benchmark model for an axisymmetric transient thermal analysis. The temperature on the boundaries changes from 0 degrees C to 1000 degrees C at the start of the simulation. The temperature at 190 s from the anlysis is compared with a NAFEMS benchmark solution.

### Simulating Wireless Power Transfer in Circular Loop Antennas

This model addresses the concept of wireless power transfer by studying the energy coupling between two circular loop antennas tuned for UHF RFID frequency whose size is reduced using chip inductors. The circular loop antenna provides inherent inductive coupling by its shape, and it can be easily miniaturized for low frequency applications. While the orientation of a transmitting antenna is ...

### Frequency Selective Surface, Periodic Complementary Split Ring Resonator

Frequency selective surfaces (FSS) are periodic structures with a bandpass or a bandstop frequency response. This model shows that only signals around the center frequency can pass through the periodic complementary split ring resonator layer.

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