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The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.
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Liquid-Cooled Lithium-Ion Battery Pack

This model simulates a temperature profile in a number of cells and cooling fins in a liquid-cooled battery pack. The model solves in 3D and for an operational point during a load cycle. A full 1D electrochemical model for the lithium battery calculates the average heat source.

Mass Transport Analysis of a High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell

This model example investigates the transport of reactants and water in a high temperature PEMFC. The model includes mass and momentum transport phenomena in the flow channels, gas diffusion layers (GDLs), and porous electrodes, as well as electrochemical currents in the GDLs, the porous electrodes, and the polymer membrane.

Thermal Modeling of a Cylindrical Lithium-Ion Battery in 2D

This model example simulates an air-cooled cylindrical 18650 lithium-ion battery during a charge-discharge cycle, followed by a relaxing period. A one-dimensional cell model is used to model the battery cell chemistry, and a two-dimensional axi-symmetrical model is used to model the temperature in the battery.

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in a Fuel Cell

A fuel cell unit cell is modeled using the full Butler-Volmer expression for the anodic and cathodic charge transfer reactions. The anodic and cathodic overpotentials depend on the local ionic and electronic potentials, which are obtained from the charge balance equations for ionic and electronic current. A small sinusoidal perturbation of the potential around a given cell voltage is applied and ...

Single Particle Model of a Lithium-Ion Battery

An isothermal single particle model formulation for a lithium-ion battery is presented in this work. The single particle model is a simplification of the 1D formulation for a lithium-ion battery along with a few assumptions. The model is typically valid for low-medium current scenarios. Note that validity of the assumptions and applicability of the single particle model also depends on the ...

Fuel Cell with Serpentine Flow Field

This example models the flow and mass transport in the channels and the gas diffusion layer (GDL) of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell. The cathode electrode reaction is modeled as a boundary condition, where the local current density depends on the overpotential and the local oxygen concentration. The overpotential is solved for along the cathode boundary by the use of a distributed DAE. The anode ...

Voltammetry at a Microdisk Electrode

Voltammetry is modeled at a microelectrode of 10um radius. In this common analytical electrochemistry technique, the potential at a working electrode is swept up and down and the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform ("voltammogram") gives information about the reactivity and mass transport properties of the analyte. Microelectrodes are popular in electroanalysis because they ...

Primary Current Distribution in a Lead-Acid Battery Grid Electrode

This 3D model example demonstrates the use of the Primary Current Distribution interface for modeling current distributions in electrochemical cells. In primary current distribution, the potential losses due to electrode kinetics and mass transport are assumed to be negligible, and ohmic losses are govern the current distribution in the cell. Here you investigate primary current distribution in ...

Lithium-Ion Battery with Multiple Intercalating Electrode Materials

Lithium-ion batteries can have multiple active materials in both the positive and negative electrodes. For example, the positive electrode can have a mix of active materials such as transition metal oxides, layered metal oxides, olivines etc. These materials can have different design properties (volume fraction, particle size), thermodynamic properties (open circuit voltage), transport properties ...

Lithium-Ion Battery Impedance

The impedance of a lithium-ion battery cell with a negative LTO and positive NCA electrode is modeled for harmonic perturbations between 10 mHz to 1000 Hz. The model incorporates an additional double-layer current at the conductive material in the positive electrode. The impedance of each electrode is also possible to investigate versus a reference electrode located in the middle of the ...