Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Anisotropic Suede-like Material During the Thermoforming Process

G.Lelli[1], M. Pinsagli[1] , and E. di Maio[2]
[1]Alcantara S.p.A. (Application Development Center), Nera Montoro, Italy
[2]University of Naples "Federico II" (Department of Materials and Production Engineering), Naples, Italy

Physical and mechanical studies of Alcantara® have shown very pronounced anisotropic nonlinear features. Using constitutive equations borrowed from the modelling of biological tissues like tendons and/or arteries under the form of hyperelastic free-energy functions, a good representation of such mechanical features can be obtained. In particular, a combination between the optimization module ...

Modeling Linear Viscoelasticity in Glassy Polymers using Standard Rheological Models

M. Haghighi-Yazdi, and P. Lee-Sullivan
University of Waterloo
Waterloo, ON
Canada

In this study, a capability has been developed for modeling the linear viscoelastic behaviour of a glassy polymer using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The two rheological models by Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt were used for modeling stress relaxation and creep loading behavior, respectively, of a typical gas pipe under two modes of plane stress and plane strain. An advantage of the developed model is its ...

Designing Materials for Mechanical Invisibility Cloaks

P. Olsson[1], F. Larsson[1], A. Khlopotin[1], S. Razanica[1]
[1]Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In solid mechanics, there is considerable interest in achieving “invisibility”. The applications in mechanics include protection of structures and parts of structures from potentially harmful transient waves and steady state vibrations. A suggested large scale application is that protection against seismic waves from earthquakes could be achieved by using cloaking to re-route the waves around ...

Ribbon Formation in Twist-Nematic Elastomers

L. Teresi[1], V. Varano[1]
[1]LaMS - Modelling & Simulation Lab, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy

Nematic Elastomers (NEs) possess both the elastic properties of rubbers and the orientational properties of liquid crystals. Those two properties makes the configuration of NEs very sensitive to isotropic-nematic phase transition. Our goal is to replicate with numerical experiments the phenomena of shape formation in Twist-Nematic Elastomers (TNEs): a flat bar evolves into a helicoidal shape ...

Optimal Placement of Piezoelectric Plates to Control Multimode Vibrations of Rotating Beam

F. Botta[1], D. Dini[2], S. Gentili[1], G. Cerri[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica e Industriale, Università degli Studi di Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Turbomachines blades are forced by a load resulting from the interaction with the fluid. The consequent vibrations, and the associated fatigue phenomena, can give catastrophic failures and the reduction of the blades life. It could be increased if damping system are used. The piezoelectric materials has received considerable attention by many researcher for their potential application in the ...

Numerische Berechnungen zum Einfluss der Hydrophobierung auf die Carbonatisierung von Beton

Heinrichs, J.1, Gerdes, A.2, 3
1 Hochschule Karlsruhe - Technik und Wirtschaft, Institut für Angewandte Forschung
2 Hochschule Karlsruhe - Technik und Wirtschaft , Fakultät für Mechatronik und Naturwissenschaften
3 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Technische Chemie, Bereich für Wasser- und Geotechnologie

Aus technischen, ökologischen und ökonomischen Gründen nimmt die Dauerhaftigkeit von Stahlbetonbauwerken in der heutigen Zeit einen immer größeren Stellenwert ein. Schadensursachen an solchen Bauwerken werden oft durch chemisch-physikalische Prozesse, wie z.B. den kapillaren Transport betonaggressiver Wässer in die Betonrandzone, hervorgerufen. Um nun die Dauerhaftigkeit bzw. die ...

Wavebased Micromotor for Plane Motions (3-DoF)

G. Jehle, D. Kern, and W. Seemann
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany

This paper proposes the design of a 3-Degree of Freedom(DoF) motor based on surface acoustic waves in elastic solids. The rotor is propelled by wave fields, for linear and rotational motion respectively, in the stator, that can be steered by the driving signal of the piezoelectric actuators, which are placed on an elastic plate. The next considerations concern the feasibility of the proposed ...

Stress Distribution in Masonry Walls, Loaded in Plane, Simulated with COMSOL

A.T. Vermeltfoort, and J. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands

The tensile strength of masonry is relatively low compared to its compressive strength and is affected by the direction of the joints and their filling. In masonry with modern thin layer mortar (joint thickness 3 to 5 mm) sometimes the head joints are left open. A total of 13 model-walls was built and for each model four general purpose mortar combinations and three thin layer mortar combinations ...

Mechanical Behaviour of TiAl Spherical Particles Including Friction Effect

G. Maizza, R. Cagliero, and A. Santoro
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Powder metallurgy is a key technology for manufacturing advanced components based on TiAl alloys. Cold compaction is the primary step to produce green parts. Cold deformation of TiAl powder is difficult due to its typical poor ductility. Plastic deformation and cracking susceptibility of TiAl powder strongly depends on micro-mechanical phenomena. To manage real compaction problems more reliable ...

Influence of Vickers Indenter Tip Geometry on the Macro-indentation Properties of TiAl Alloys

G. Maizza, and R. Cagliero
Politecnico di Torino
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica
Torino, Italy

In this work the influence of the geometry of the Vickers indenter tip on relevant indentation properties is investigated during instrumented indentation operated in the macro range (i.e. with forces ranging from 2 to 200 N) and carried out in the case of a homogenized (i.e. heat treated) TiAl alloy. The instrumented macro-indentation test is simulated by Comsol Multiphysics using a full 3D ...

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