Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling transport in silicon nanocrystal structure

Leroy, Y., Leriche, B., Cordan, A.S.

We present in this paper a model to study new memory devices with embedded nanocrystals, emerging in microelectronics. The theoretical calculations and their implementation in FEMLAB are detailed, leading to a quite simple and realistic model. One key point for these memories is the electronic tunnel transfer to store the charge into a nanocrystal. This is why we carry out a brief analysis of ...

Einsatz von FEMLAB bei der Optimierung der Geometrie eines Hochspannungsimpulstransformators

Cernat, R.1, Brinkmann, C.1, Weißgerber, T.2
1 Universität Dortmund, Lehrstuhl für Hochspannungstechnik und EMV
2 era GmbH, Dortmund

Hochspannungsimpulstransformatoren werden bei Ottomotoren zur Entzündung des Kraftstoff- Luft-Gemischs eingesetzt. Aktuelle Fahrzeuge sind mit zylinderselektiver Zündung ausgerüstet, so dass für jeden Zylinder ein Zündtransformator benötigt wird. Dieser ist direkt über der Zündkerze positioniert und stellt die benötigte Hochspannung sowie eine ausreichende Funkenenergie zur Verfügung, ...

Computations of the earth’s and other solar planets’ magnetic moments with the aid of a FEMLAB electromagnetic module

Wada, J.Y.
Retired, Hughes Space & Communications Co. (Now Boeing Co.)

Computations have been performed of Earth’s and other solar planets’ magnetic moments with the aid of a FEMLAB Electromagnetic Module. The FEMLAB library has a specific program that calculates magnetic field strength and distribution resulting from a circular current source. This program has been adapted with 38 concentric loops to simulate the conductive currents circulating within the ...

A Multi-Physics Framework for the Geometric Optimization of a Diaphragm Electrostatic Micropump

E. Bertarelli[1], R. Ardito[1], E. Bianchi[1], K. Laganà[1], A. Corigliano[1], G. Dubini[1], and R. Contro[1]

[1]Department of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

In this work, an electrostatic diaphragm micropump is investigated by means of COMSOL Multiphysics®. A fluid-dynamic model is adopted to evaluate the fluid flow characteristics inside the pumping chamber, in static conditions. In parallel, electromechanical quasi-static simulations are performed to evaluate the occurrence of membrane movement and pull-in phenomena. Finally, a simplified ...

Quench Propagation in 1-D and 2-D Models of High Current Superconductors

G. Volpini[1]
[1]LASA Lab., Milan Dept., Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Milano, Italy

The understanding of quench, or the sudden transition to the normal state of a high-current Superconductor (SC), is fundamental for the design of a SC magnet, and it is widely discussed in the literature. This paper presents some simple COMSOL models, which are compared with well-known approximate formulae and some experimental results. These models allow a more precise description than it is ...

Chaotic Behavior of the Airflow in a Ventilated Room

A.W.M. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Chaotic systems may lead to instability, extreme sensitivity and performance reduction. Therefore it is unwanted in many cases. Due to these undesirable characteristics of chaos in practical systems, it is important to recognize such a chaotic behavior. The existence of chaos has been discovered in several areas during the last 30 years. However, there is a lack of studies in relation with ...

Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

Boundary Conditions Identification for Thermostatic Cauchy Problem by Minimizing an Energy-like Function

T.N. Baranger
LDMS, UMR CNRS-INSA 5006, ISTIL - Université Claude Bernard, Lyon

An energy-like error function is introduced in the context of the ill-posed problem of boundary data recovering, which is commopnly known as a Cauchy problem. Here the problem is converted into an optimization problem. Numerical simulations highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method.

Stresses in Carotid Plaques Using MRI-based Fluid Structure Interaction Models

S.A. Kock [1], E. Fründ [1], W.Y. Kim [1], and J.V. Nygaard [2]
[1] Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark,
[2] Aarhus University, Denmark

Using magnetic resonance images, a model was created of an atherosclerotic plaque in a patient. A fluid-structure interaction analysis was then carried out in order to determine principal stresses in the protective fibrous cap. Results indicate stresses at high blood pressure in excess of 300 kPa, the established cap rupture strength. The technique could prove to be of great value to ...

Linear Convection and Conduction in Cylinders of Water Exposed to Periodic Thermal Stimuli

R.E. Tosh[1], and H.H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...

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