Modelling the Thermal Impact of a Repository for High-Level Radioactive Waste in a Clay Host Formation
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Waste & Disposal Department, Mol, Belgium
Disposal in deep clay geological formations is one of the promising options for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Yet, they can generate considerable amounts of heat as a side effect of radioactive decay. This paper shows how COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to evaluate the physical impacts of the heating on the geological media around a deep disposal system. The software was found ...
M. Benilov, and M. Faria
Departamento de Física, Universidade da Madeira, Funchal, Portugal
Current transfer from high-pressure arc plasmas to thermionic cathodes may occur in a diffuse mode, when the current is distributed over the front surface of the cathode, or in a spot mode, when most of the current is localized in one or more small areas. Spectra of perturbations of 3D steady-state current transfer to thermionic cathodes of a high-pressure argon arc have been computed in the ...
K. Zhou, S. Alpay, and S. Boggs
Institute of Material Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
Finite Element analysis is used to model 2-D and 3-D paraelectric-dielectric composites (BaTiO3 spherical fillers randomly distributed in constant dielectric matrix). The effective dielectric response and tunability are studied under different filler sizes and different volume fractions. The results are consistent with previous theoretical and experimental results: with the increasing of filler ...
K. McIlhany, and R. Malek-Madani
Physics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
Mathematics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
In 1966, mathematician Mark Kac proposed the question "Can One Hear the Shape of a Drum?" in an article for American Mathematical Monthly. In attempting to resolve the Chesapeake Bay from an eigenfunctional approach, a one-to-one mapping of this famous problem has been identified. The quote above will re-write to "Can One Hear the Shape of a Drum from Multiple Point-Sampled Spectra?". This ...
O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...
Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, CRANE, IN, USA
A model of a horizontal atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition reactor was implemented to aid in the design of a laboratory based one. The model coupled momentum transport, energy transport, and mass transport phenomena to account for reacting fluid flow of a compressible gas in a heated chamber. The system modeled was silicon deposition from trichlorosilane in hydrogen carrier gas.
F. Dewarrat, L. Falco, A. Caduff, and M. Talary
Solianis Monitoring AG, Zürich, Switzerland
Impedance spectroscopy is a measurement technique that has been investigated in a wide variety of medical applications. An example is the measurement of the dielectric properties of the skin and underlying tissue using sensors placed in contact with human skin with capacitive fringing field electrodes. The aim of this work is to use finite element methods for optimizing the sensor design to ...
Two-dimensional Analysis of Triple Coupled Physics of Structural Mechanics, Diffusion and Heat Transfer in a Gas Pipe
P. Lee-Sullivan, and M. Haghighi-Yazdi
Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
In this study, a 2-D model has been built using COMSOL Multiphysics® to analyze a triple coupled physics problem involving simultaneous gas diffusion, heat transfer, and structural mechanics in a pipe due to the flow of high-pressure carbon dioxide. The problem geometry and boundary conditions were based on the analysis by Rambert et al. who have published the most advanced modeling work in ...
Development of an On-Line Wall-Fouling Sensor for Pipeline Transportation of Heavy Oil-Water Mixtures
S. Rushd, and R.S. Sanders
Chemical & Materials Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
A beneficial method for transporting highly viscous hydrocarbons (e.g. heavy oil and bitumen) through a pipeline is known as Lubricated Pipe Flow (LPF). A major challenge for this technology is flow instability caused by the formation of a wall-coating of oil or the thinning and/or loss of the lubricating water layer in the pipe. This issue can be addressed by using capacitance sensors to measure ...
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China
We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.