Ramirez, J.C.1, Conlisk, A.T.2
1 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Materials Science and Technology Division
2 The Ohio State University
We present a model for electro-osmotic flow and apply it to examine the effect of complicated geometries on the flow behavior along micro and nano-channels connecting two reservoirs. We perform two and three dimensional simulations. The model consists of the Navier-Stokes equation for the fluid momentum and pressure, species conservation equations for the concentrations of multiple ionic species ...
Schonfeld, F.1, Hardt, S.2
1 Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH
2 Darmstadt University of Technology
The fluidic motion driven by Coulomb forces on charge clouds in the vicinity of charged walls immersed into an electrolyte is termed electroosmotic flow (EOF). Since the generated EOF pressure increases with decreasing hydrodynamic diameter, such actuation mechanisms are ideally suited for microfluidic applications and are widely discussed in the literature (see e.g. Li 2004). In addition to ...
Evaluation of electric impedance spectra for single bio-cells in microfluidic devices using combined FEMLAB/ELDO modeling
Senez, V., Arscott, S.
This paper describes a simple method to predict the electrical impedance spectrum of single and cultured cells in micro-devices. It can be used for the rapid design of micro-sensors as well as for more fundamental studies about the interactions of electric fields with bio-cells. The finite element (FEMLAB) and the transport lattice (ELDO) methods are coupled through the MATLAB environment for ...
Minhee Jun, and Jason V. Clark
Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Large deflection actuators are becoming increasingly important for microsystems. Since actuation forces are usually small, large deflection actuators usually require flexures with low stiffness. Rectangular serpentine flexures are often used for such actuators due to their low stiffness and large linear deflection range. In this paper we investigate the performance of curved serpentine flexures ...
Y.L. Rao, and G. Zhang[1-3]
 Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, The University of Georgia
 Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, The University of Georgia
 Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia
Integration of surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices with nanostructures has gained interest in the development of sensors with high sensitivity. To better design nanostructure integrated SAW devices, it is essential to model three dimensional (3-D) SAW devices and analyze the wave propagation characteristics in nanostructure-enhanced SAW devices. In this work, a 3-D finite element model of ...
M.H. Poech, M. Weiß, and K. Gruber
Fraunhofer Institute for Silicon Technology, Itzehoe, Germany
Since a couple of years, sintering becomes more and more important for power electronics. To press a semiconductor under high temperature in silver paste on a substrate promises benefits for durability. Tests with semiconductors of different thickness expose some problems. After the cool down, some of them fall slightly from the substrate. Stress in the boundary layer, caused by different ...
L. Moro, F. Lugli, and F. Zerbetto
Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Rotaxanes are a class of molecules recently developed in laboratory that have been heralded as possible molecular motors. The motor is constituted by a linear molecule (thread) and a ring-shaped molecule (macrocycle), which is free to move along the thread, switching between two, or more, energetically stable interaction points (stations). Molecular motors start their functioning far from ...
A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, C. Albon, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
In this work, we demonstrate the implementation of the micromagnetic equations for the description of ferromagnetic thin films in COMSOL Multiphysics®. We apply our model to magnetoresistive sensors consisting of several soft ferromagnetic layers and their response to magnetic particles. The magnetization dynamic of the particles needs to be described in a similar manner, though due to size ...
S. Burgarella, B. Dell’Anna, V. Perna, G. Zarola, and S. Merlo
STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, MI, Italy
Dipartimento di Elettronica, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a method for cell manipulation without physical contact in lab-on-chip devices, since it exploits the dielectric properties of cells suspended in a microfluidic sample, under the action of locally generated high-gradient electric fields. The DEP platform that has been developed offers an integrated solution for customizable applications. Several functional units, ...
Z. Hongwei and A.M. Gué
Laboratoire d’Analyse et d’Architecture de Systèmes, Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
The present study investigates simulation model and droplet ejection performance of a thermal-bubble microejector. This model simulates the bubble nucleation and the bubble growth, to predict the droplet ejection process. Specificity, it is achieved by coupling an electric-thermal model and flow model with bubble dynamics equations. The model is validated by comparing prediction results with ...