P. Alotto, M. Guarnieri, and F. Moro
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
The proton exchange membrane is a key component in the currently widely studied Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. In this paper a fully coupled three-dimensional dynamic numerical model of the membrane including all the physically relevant phenomena, i.e. ion transport, hydration-dependent conductivity and thermal effects is presented. The highly non-linear model is discretized by means of the ...
A. Grünbaum, S. Petersen, H.W. Pau, and U. van Rienen
IEF funded by DFG Research Training Group 1505/1 Welisa, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Otolaryngology “Otto Körner”, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Modeling of 2-5 μm thin membranes into a cochlea with a width of 2 cm is computationally. The paper is focused on two approximative methods used to overcome this problem and in addition a simple model challenging of a plate capacitor with a thin membrane of different thickness in-between is presented. The results of simulations with both thin layer approximation methods are compared with those ...
A. Di Carlo, V. Sansalone, A. Tatone, and V. Varano
Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
Laboratoire de Mécanique Physique, Université Paris Est, Paris, France
DISAT, Università degli Studi dell’Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy
We present a mechanical model a growing spherical shell suitable for predicting the evolution of a Saccular Cerebral Artery Aneurysms (SCAA). It relies basically on the Kröner-Lee decomposition, used to describe the interplay between the current and the relaxed configuration of body elements. Rupture or stabilization of a SCAA are the end effect of a number of biological mechanisms, still poorly ...
R. Winz, N. Schröder, W. Wiechert, and E. von Lieres
Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...
President and CEO, COMSOL
Svante Littmarck is the CEO of the COMSOL group. He co-founded COMSOL in 1986. He holds a M.Sc. in Applied Mathematics from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. In 2004 he received an honorary doctoral degree from the Royal Institute of Technology.
Computation of the Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient in an Adsorbing Porous Medium Using Homogenization
A. Rijnks, M. Darwish, and H. Bruining
StatoilHydro ASA, Bergen, Norway
Shell Exploration & Production International Centre, Rijswijk,
Section of Geoengineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
The method to derive upscaled expressions for the dispersion coefficients for reactive flow in a porous medium uses a periodic unit cell (PUC), which consists for instance of a spherical grain in a cube, but nothing prohibits defining more complex PUC's. Homogenization leads to a coupled system of equations where the flow is described by Stokes equation and the concentration fluctuation is ...
A. Auge, A. Weddemann, F. Wittbracht, B. Vogel, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
The oxidation behavior of metallic nanoparticles is investigated in respect to material parameters like Mott potential, defects on the microstructure and oxide volume increase per ionic defect. An emphasis is laid on magnetic nanoparticles where the degree of oxidation can be measured via the reduction of the magnetic moment.
P. Franciosa and S. Gerbino
Faculty of Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy
Faculty of Engineering, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy
Tessellated models are more and more used in several engineering fields. The need to use such models to quickly perform computer simulations related to coupled physical phenomena, implies the use of dedicated software, allowing to solve, into an integrated environment, multiphysics problems. In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics® has been used and its ability to handle tessellated models ...
L. Martinelli, A. Lamberti, and P. Ruol
DISTART Idraulica, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
IMAGE, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
Objective of this contribution is to present a procedure for evaluating second order drift forces on floating bodies, often the most important loading component for mooring design, in case of high waves propagating in relatively shallow water depths. The non linearity associated to this condition, which is typical of installations involving wave energy converters, makes this problem particularly ...