# Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

### Pacemaker Electrode, Modeled with LiveLink for Creo Parametric

This model, dealing with the current and potential distribution around one pair of electrodes, demonstrates how to synchronize and modify geometry in Creo Parametric by using the LiveLink interface.

### Thermal Performances of Roller Shutters

During the design of a building, environmental issues have gained considerable influence in the entire project. One of the first concerns is to improve thermal performances. In this process, simulation software are key tools to model thermal losses and performances in the building. The international standard ISO 10077-2:2012 deals with thermal performance of windows, doors and shutters. It ...

### Capacitance in a Microstrip

To illustrate how to calculate lumped parameters of capacitance, this model calculates such in a microstrip. The example shows the two different ways of calculating this: with a static analysis and with a time-harmonic analysis.

### Pinched Hemispherical Shell

This example studies the deformation of a hemispherical shell, where the loads cause significant geometric nonlinearity. The maximum deflections are more than two magnitudes larger than the thickness of the shell. The problem is a standard benchmark, used for testing shell formulations in a case which contains membrane and bending action, as well as large rigid body rotation.

### Perforated Well

Analysis of fluid flow into wells often begins with the assumption that the intake fluid is uniform along the entire length of wellbore. This assumption runs into trouble when applied to the modeling of perforated wells. When these wells are emplaced, the deep bore hole is lined by impermeable materials. Later a machine pierces the lining intake fluids in the productive reservoir zones and ...

### Eigenmodes in a Muffler

In this model, compute the propagating modes in the chamber of an automotive muffler. The geometry is a cross-section of the chamber in the Absorptive Muffler example. The model’s purpose is to study the shape of the propagating modes and to find their cut-off frequencies. As discussed in the documentation for the Absorptive Muffler, some of the modes significantly affect the damping of the ...

### Molecular Flow in an RF Coupler

This model computes the transmission probability through an RF coupler using both the angular coefficient method available in the Free Molecular Flow interface and a Monte Carlo method using the Mathematical Particle Tracing interface. The computed transmission probability determined by the two methods is in excellent agreement with less than a 1% difference. This model requires the Particle ...

### Heat-Sink Investigations using the Component Library

A common method for investigating a process or system is to first study the individual components in detail. You would then start by setting up detailed models for the various components and then merge them to describe the system as a whole. With COMSOL Multiphysics you can easily merge individual models to investigate how they interact as components in a system. This exercise illustrates ...

### Thermal Bridges in Building Construction—3D Structure Between Two Floors

This model studies the heat conduction in a building structure separating two floors from the external environment. Four materials with distinct thermal conductivities k compose the structure. The exterior and interior boundaries are facing environments respectively at 0°C and 20°C. The lowest temperatures on internal surfaces and the heat fluxes through each surface is compared with published ...

### Diverging Duct

When the diameter of a pipe suddenly increases, the area available for flow increases. Fluid with relatively high velocity will decelerate into a relatively slow moving fluid. Depending on the Reynolds number, this can cause turbulence and much of the excess in kinetic energy is converted into heat and therefore wasted. If the change of the cross-section is gradual, the kinetic energy can be ...